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Flashcards in diet & diabetes Deck (24)
1

destruction of the beta cells/insulin deficient

type 1 DM

2

progressive insulin secretory defect; insulin resistance

type 2 DM

3

what is a cornerstone in tx of diabetes

medical nutrition tx

4

in a study of 18K diabetics, only _____ had at least 1 nutrition visit in a ___yr period

9.1%; 9 yr

5

medical nutrition plans especially depend on (2)

1. type of diabetes
2. age

6

4 goals of MNT

1. healthyful eating to improve overall health
2. attain glycemic, BP, lipid goals
3. achieve/maintain body weight goals
4. delay/prevent diabetes complications

7

goal A1c under____

7%

8

goal BP under____

140/80

9

goal lipids: LDL__, TG____, HDL____

LDL under 100, TG under 150, HDL over 40

10

what macronutrient has the greatest effect on tx of diabetes

carbs

11

primary method of counting carbs

read food labels

12

which method of carb counting is strictly used for type 1 DM?

level III (advanced)

13

starting goal of carb counting is ____, with ____CHO at each snack

45-60 (starting); 15-20 grams (snack)

14

methods of regulating carb intake (3)

1. counting carbs
2. glycemic index
3. glycemic load

15

low GI is under ____, medium is____, high GI is ____

under 55; 56-69; >70

16

___GI are digested and absorbed slowly

low

17

glycemic index uses the ___ of carbs, whereas glycemic load uses the _____of carbs

quality; quality and quantity

18

glycemic load = GI / ?

glycemic load = GI / 100 gr serving

19

GL ____is low, GL ____is medium, GL _____is high

GLunder 10 is low, GL 11-19 is medium, GL >20 is high

20

guidelines for protein intake for diabetics

18-20% of nrg intake (same as normal ppl)

21

guidelines for fat intake for diabetics

20-35% of nrg intake (same as general population)

22

benefits are assc'd with ____unsaturated fat

mono

23

benefits assc'd with omega___FA

3

24

inclusion criteria for DPP (3)

1. overweight
2. dx'd with prediabetes
3. oral glu tolerace test 140-199