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Flashcards in Diet and Exercise Deck (18):
1

What is it called if a persons diet is unbalanced?

Malnourished

2

What is metabolic rate?

When a chemical reaction takes place in the cells.

3

Do women or men have a higher metabolic rate?

Men have a higher metabolic rate

4

What can affect your metabolic rate?

-The proportion of muscle to fat in your body
-inherited factors

5

How will a person loose mass?

-If the food taken in is less than the energy used

6

Being seriously underweight can lead to what serious health problem?

Anorexia

7

What health problems does obesity cause?

- type 2 diabetes
- high blood pressure
- heart disease
- osteoarthritis

8

An example of a deficiency disease.

Anaemia due to a lack of iron

9

What can your metabolic rate be affected by?

Genes inherited from parents

10

What do you need good cholesterol for?

-cell membranes
-to make vital substances

11

Bad cholesterol leads to what...

Heart disease

12

What do food rich in saturated facts increase?

Increased cholesterol levels

13

Exercising regularly can increase and decrease what?

-increase metabolic rate
-decrease high cholesterol levels

14

How is cholesterol carried by your blood?




-2 ways

LDL- low density lipoprotein

HDL- high density lipoprotein

15

What is a balanced diet?




-list 7

-carbohydrates
-fats
-minerals
-water
-proteins
-vitamins
-fibre

16

What happens if you have a higher metabolic rate?

Higher metabolic rate- faster chemicals reactions occur

16

Disadvantages of cholesterol being carried by Low Density Lipoprotein

LDL- low density lipoprotein: bad and can cause heart disease

17

Advantages of High Density Lipoprotein

HDL- high density lipoprotein: good, protects against heart disease by helping to remove cholesterol from the walls of blood vessels