Flashcards in Dieting in adolescence Deck (19):
What percentage of Ontario teenagers 12-18yo feel unhappy about their weight?
What percentage of teenage girls have attempted weight loss in the past?
What percentage of teenage boys have attempted weight loss in the past?
What percentage of girls 12-18yo reported self-induced emesis for weight control?
What percentage of girls 12-18yo reported fasting, skipping meals, and using crash diets for weight control?
What percentage of girls 12-18yo reported laxative and diuretic use for weight control?
What percentage of girls 12-18yo reported diet pill use for weight control?
What percentage of girls 12-18yo reported smoking cigarettes for weight control?
What percentage of girls are dieting based on weight?
36% normal weight girls
50% overweight girls
55% obese girls
What are individual risk factors for dieting and unhealthy wight behaviors in teenagers?
2. Overweight and obesity
3. Body image dissatisfaction and distortion
4. Low self-esteem
5. Low sense of control over life
6. Psychiatric symptoms: depression and anxiety
8. Early puberty
What are family risk factors for dieting and unhealthy wight behaviors in teenagers?
1. Low family connectedness
2. Absence of positive adult role models
3. Parental dieting
4. Parental endorsement or encouragement to diet
5. Parental criticism of child's weight
What are environmental risk factors for dieting and unhealthy wight behaviors in teenagers?
1. Weight-related teasing
2. Poor involvement in school
3. Peer group endorsement of dieting
4. Involvement in weight-related sports
What are other risk factors for dieting and unhealthy wight behaviors in teenagers?
1. Certain chronic illnesses, esp. diabetes
2. Presence of other risk behaviors: smoking, substance use, unprotected sex
What are some potential physical consequences to dieting?
1. Nutritional deficiencies esp. Ca and Fe
2. Growth deceleration
3. Menstrual irregularity incld. secondary amenorrhea
4. Osteopenia and osteoporosis
What are some potential psychological consequences to dieting?
1. Food preoccupation
5. tendency to overeat, binge eating
6. Worsened self esteem
7. increased risk of eating disorder
8. May promote weight gain
What are the recommendations regarding eating for normal and overweight teenagers?
Eat according to the Canada Food Guide
Avoid fad diets, skipping meals, dietary supplements
What are the recommendations regarding physical activity for normal and overweight teenagers?
Encourage age-appropriate physical activity in accordance with healthy active living guidelines
Teach all benefits of exercise
What should clinicians screen for?
1. Dieting behaviors
2.Eating disorders in teenagers with more severe weight loss