Digestive Meaning Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Digestive Meaning Deck (44):
1

lack of appetite

anorexia

2

Inflammation of the appendix, usually due to obstruction or infection

appendicitis

3

condition characterized by the presence or formation of stones in the gallbladder

cholelithiasis

4

chronic liver disease characterized by the destruction of liver cells; eventually leads to impaired liver functions and jaundice

cirrhosis

5

Inflammation of the colon or large intestine, usually due to infection

colitis

6

difficult or infrequent elimination of hard, dry feces

constipation

7

type of chronic inflammatory bowel disease that usually affects the ileum

Crohn s disease

8

elimination of unusually loose, watery stools, often with increased frequency

diarrhea

9

condition characterized by the presence of diverticula (abnormal out pouching of the intestinal wall); if the diverticula are inflamed, the condition is called diverticulitis.

diverticulosis

10

indigestion

dyspepsia

11

Inflammation of the small intestine, usually due to irritation or infection

emesis

12

Inflammation of the stomach, usually due to irritation, infection, or stress

gastritis

13

Inflammation of the stomach and small intestine, usually due to irritation or infection

gastroenteritis

14

vomiting blood

hematemesis

15

excretion of stools containing red blood; bloody stools

hematochezia

16

swollen veins in the lining of the anus, often causing rectal bleeding and pain

hemorrhoids

17

Inflammation of the liver, usually caused by viral infection; the infection is generally transmitted through blood products or sexual contact

hepatitis

18

enlargement of the liver

hepatomegaly

19

condition characterized by the protrusion of the upper part of the stomach through the diaphragm

hiatal hernia

20

Inflammation of the ileum

ileitis

21

condition characterized by the protrusion of a portion of an intestine through the lower abdominal wall (in the groin area)

inguinal hernia

22

combination of lower abdominal pain, diarrhea, and constipation occurring in the absence of known disease; thought to be associated with stress; also called spastic colon

irritable bowel syndrome

23

yellow discoloration of the skin due to abnormally high levels of bilirubin (a pigment) in the blood; usually a sign of liver dysfunction or obstruction of the bile ducts

jaundice

24

unpleasant sensation in the stomach, usually with a feeling of the need to vomit

nausea

25

Inflammation of the pancreas, often resulting in damage to the tissue by digestive enzymes

pancreatitis

26

an open sore or lesion on the mucous membrane lining the stomach or intestine; usually found in the highly acidic regions of the duodenum or stomach

peptic ulcer

27

Inflammation of the peritoneum, usually due to infection

peritionitis

28

a burning sensation in the chest, often caused by backflow of stomach acid into the esophagus, commonly called heartburn

pyrosis

29

Inflammation of the mouth, especially the mucosal linings of the mouth

Sstomatitis

30

x ray of the rectum and colon following administration of barium sulfate (a substance that x rays cannot penetrate) into the rectum, also called a lower GI series

barium enema

31

x ray of the esophagus, stomach and small intestine following oral administration of barium sulfate; also called an upper GI series

barium Swallow

32

x ray recording of the bile ducts; if a contrast agent is injected into the blood first, the procedure is called intravenous cholangiography, if a contrast agent is injected through the skin directly into the liver, the procedure is called percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography, or PTC

cholangiography

33

xray recording of the gallbladder, usually following oral administration of a contrast agent that accumulates in the gallbladder

cholecystography

34

visual examination of one or more digestive system organs using an endoscope; depending on the organ(s) examined, the procedure may be called esophagoscopy, gastroscopy, colonoscopy, sigmoidoscopy, proctoscopy, anoscopy, etc.

gastrointestinal endoscopy

35

tests involving measurement of the levels of certain enzymes (ALT, AST, AND ALK) and bilirubin in the bloodl elevated levels are suggestive of impaired liver function or liver damage

liver function test

36

injection of radioactive material capable of penetration liver cells, followed by use of a special scanner to record the radiation emitted from the cells

liver scan

37

addition of a substance called guaiac to a stool sample to detect the presence of blood in the feces; occasionally called Hemoccult (the trade name of a modified guaiac test

stool guaiac

38

surgical removal of the appendix

appendectomy

39

surgical removal of the gall bladder, if the procedure is performed through a tube placed into the abdomen, it is called laparoscopic cholecystectomy

cholecystectomy

40

surgical incision into the common bile duct to remove gallstones

choledocholithotomy

41

surgical removal of all or part of the colon, often to treat patients with chronic colitis or crohn s disease

colectomy

42

surgical creation of an opening between the colon and the surface of the abdomen, usually to allow elimination of the feces into a bag attached to the skin

Colostomy

43

surgical removal of one or more hemorrhoids

Hemorrhoidectormy

44

surgical creation of an opening between the ileum and the surface of the abdomen to allow feces to be discharged into a bag attached to the skin; often a permanent, means of elimination following a colectomy

Ileostomy