Digestive/Respiratory Systems Gross Anatomy [Lab Practical 2] Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Digestive/Respiratory Systems Gross Anatomy [Lab Practical 2] Deck (16):
1

Name the salivary glands

1. Parotid gland
2. Submaxillary gland in cat = Submandibular in human
3. Sublingual gland
4. Molar gland

There are 3 glands in human (no molar gland) & 4 glands in cat

2

Name the different teeth

Incisors
Canines
Premolars (adult only)
Molars

3

What is the Eustachian Tube also referred to as?

Pharyngotympanic tube

4

What are the peritoneums?

Visceral Peritoneum covers the external surfaces of most digestive organs and is continuous with the;
Parietal Peritoneum that lines the body wall

5

What is a mesentery?

A mesentery is a double layer of peritoneum--a sheet of two serous membranes fused back to back--that extends to the digestive organs from the body wall; they provide routes for blood vessels, lymphatics, and nerves to reach the digestive viscera; hold organs in place; and store fat

6

What is the greater omentum broken down into?

Omental bursa -- the inner pocket of the greater omentum
Gastrosplenic ligament -- connects stomach to spleen

7

What is the lesser omentum broken down into?

Gastrohepatic ligament -- connects liver to stomach
Hepatoduodenal ligament -- connects liver and duodenum

8

What is the order to the mesenteries under the diaphragm?

Round Ligament -- white part
Falciform Ligament -- clear part
Coronary Ligament -- deep part

9

Name the parts of the Stomach

Fundus = top part
Body = middle part
Pylorous = bottom part
Rugae = little folds inside the stomach
Pyloric Sphincter = Bottom opening/gate
Cardiac Sphincter = Top opening/gate

10

Name the parts of the Small Intestine

Plicae Circulares = "the circular folds"; deep, permanent folds of the mucosa and submucosa; force chyme to spiral through the lumen, slowing its movement and allowing time for full nutrient absorption
Duodenum
Jejunum
Ileum

11

Name the parts of the Large Intestine or Colon

Ileocecal valve -- connects ileum to cecum
Cecum
Ascending Colon
Transverse Colon
Descending Colon
Rectum

12

Name the parts of the Liver

Gall bladder = the typically green structure
Hepatic duct = coming off the liver
Cystic duct = below the liver
Common bile duct

13

Name the parts of the Pancreas

Pancreatic Duct - generally fuses with the bile duct just as it enters the duodenum
Ampulla of Vater

14

Name the parts of the Larynx

The Larynx is the "Voice box"
Epiglottis
Vocal chords
Thyroid Cartilage
Cricoid Cartilage

15

Name the parts of the Pleura

Visceral Pleura -- covers the external lung surface
Parietal Pleura -- covers the thoracic wall superior face of the diaphragm. It continues around the heart and between the lungs, forming the lateral walls of the mediastinal enclosure and snug enclosing the lung root

16

What is the Mediastinum?

The medial cavity of the thorax; encloses the heart between the lungs