Digestive System** Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Digestive System** Deck (68)
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31

What does the saliva break down?

Food particles and carbohydrate digestion

32

What does the rate at which the stomach empties depends upon?

Fluidity of the chyme and type of food

33

Stimulates the release of pancreatic juice with a high bicarbonate ion concentration

Secretin

34

Stimulates the release of pancreatic juice with abundant digestive enzymes

Cholecystokinin

35

Major energy source

Carbohydrate

36

Carbohydrate % of diet

55%

37

Breaking food down into simpler chemicals

Chemical digestion

38

Breaking larger pieces into smaller pieces without changing the chemical composition

Mechanical digestion

39

What are the 4 layers of the alimentary canal?

Mucosa, submucosa, muscular, serosa

40

How many secondary teeth are there?

32

41

What are teeth made of?

Enamel, dentin, pulp, cementum, nerves, blood vessels

42

What is the function of the uvula?

Close off the nasal cavity during swallowing

43

What does the saliva break down?

Food particles and carbohydrate digestion

44

What does the rate at which the stomach empties depends upon?

Fluidity of the chyme and type of food

45

Stimulates the release of pancreatic juice with abundant digestive enzymes

Cholecystokinin

46

Major energy source

Carbohydrate

47

Carbohydrate % of diet

55%

48

How many primary teeth are there?

20

49

Stimulates the release of pancreatic juice with a high bicarbonate ion concentration

Secretin

50

Stimulates the release of pancreatic juice with abundant digestive enzymes

Cholecystokinin

51

Calories/gram of carbohydrates?

4

52

What are some sources of carbohydrates?

Fruits, sugar, honey, grain, pasta, potato, bread

53

Calories/gram of protein?

4

54

Calories/gram of fat?

9

55

Calories/gram of water?

0

56

Calories/gram of vitamins?

0

57

Calories/gram of minerals?

0

58

Helps in growth and repair

Proteins

59

% of protein in diet?

30%

60

What are some sources of protein?

Meat, eggs, fish, beans, grains