Digestive System Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Digestive System Deck (55):
1

a.c.

before meals

2

NG

nasogastric

3

NPO

nothing by mouth

4

p.c.

after meals

5

p.o.

by mouth

6

BE

barium enema

7

GB

gallbladder

8

GI

gastrointestinal

9

BM

bowel movement

10

BMI

body mass index

11

BS

bowel sounds

12

GERD

gastroesophageal reflux disease

13

or/o
stomat/o

mouth

14

Uvula

Uvul/o
Soft mass that hangs at the back of the mouth

15

pharynx or pharyng/o

throat

16

esophagus

esophag/o
transports food from pharynx to stomach

17

-us (-um)

noun ending

18

Stomach

gastr/o

19

Small Intestine

enter/o
Completes digestion and absorption of most nutrients

20

ileum

part of small intestine

21

ilium

the hip bone

22

Large Intestine/colon

col/o or colon/o
absorbs excess water and prepares solid waste

23

Rectum

proct/o and rect/o
Controls secretion of solid waste

24

Anus

an/o

25

Liver

hepat/o

26

Gallbladder

cholecyst/o
stores bile for late ruse

27

Abdomen

abdomin/o and lapar/o

28

Peritoneum

periton/o
membrane that lines the abdominal cavity

29

lips

cheil/o

30

tongue

gloss/o and lingu/o

31

digestion

-pepsia and pept/o

32

dyspepsia

painful digestion (indigestion)

33

pyrosis

heartburn

34

water

H2O

35

jaundice

yellow discoloration of the skin
Liver not functioning right

36

gingivitis

inflammation of the gums

37

gums

gingiv/o

38

aphagia

the loss of the ability to swallow

39

appendix

appen/o and appendic/o

40

hernia

herni/o
protrusion through a body wall

41

lavage

to wash out (a body cavity)

42

regurgitate

the return of swallowed food into the mouth

43

emesis or -emesis

vomiting
expelling the contents of the stomach

44

dysentery

an infection of the digestive system
causes severe diarrhea, bleeding,and abdominal pain

45

CT or CAT

Computed (Axial) Tomography

46

Abdominal Ultrasound

High frequency sound waves used to visualize internal organs

47

anoscopy

visual examination of the anus using a scope

48

Barium Swallow (Upper GI Series)

Use of Barium to see upper portion of digestive system

49

Enema

Solution placed into the rectum and colon to empty contents via a bowel movement

50

Barium Enema (Lower GI Series)

Use of barium to view lower digestive system

51

Anoplasty

Surgical repair of the anus

52

Colectomy

Surgical removal of all or part of the colon

53

Colotomy

Surgical incision into the colon

54

Colonoscopy

visual examination of the colon

55

Colostomy

Creating an artificial opening into the colon