Digestive System Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Digestive System Deck (16):
1

Activation energy

The amount of energy needed to destabilize the bonds of a molecule

2

How are enzymes related to activation energy

Enzymes lower the activation energy

3

Factors that affect enzyme function

Enzyme concentration, substrate concentration, temperature, pH, salinity, activators, and inhibitors

4

Optimum temp. Of amylase

37 degrees Celsius

5

Inhibitor

Molecules that reduce enzyme activity

6

Cofactor

Non-protein, small inorganic compounds and ions

7

Coenzyme

Non-protein, organic molecules

8

Function of bile

Breaks down lipids

9

Haustra

Small pouches along walls of intestines

10

Haustral churning

Segmentation movements

11

Function of the tongue

Mechanical processing, manipulation, sensory analysis, secretion of enzyme lipase

12

Outer layer of tooth

Dentin

13

Inner layer of tooth

Pulp cavity

14

CCK

Cholecystokinin, releases bile

15

Role of intrinsic factor

Helps break down vitamin B12

16

What type of macromolecule are enzymes?

Proteins