Digestive System Diagnostic, Symptomatic, and related terms Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Digestive System Diagnostic, Symptomatic, and related terms > Flashcards

Flashcards in Digestive System Diagnostic, Symptomatic, and related terms Deck (35):
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Gastric Adenocarcinoma

cancerous glandular tumor in the stomach that usually develops from the epithelial or mucosal lining of the stomach

1

anorexia

lack or loss of appetite, resulting in the inability to eat (not the same as anorexia nervosa)

2

appendicitis

inflammation of the appendix, usually due to obstruction or infection

3

ascites

abnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdomen
most commonly associated with cirrhosis of the liver, especially when caused by alcoholism.

4

borborygmus

Rumbling or gurgling noises that are audible at a distance and caused by passage of gas through the liquid contents of the intestine.

5

cachexia

physical wasting that includes loss of weight and muscle mass; commonly associated with AIDS and cancer

6

choleolithiasis

presence or formation of gallstones in the gallbladder or common bile duct(may be assymptomatic)

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cirrhosis

Scarring and dysfunction of the liver caused by chronic liver disease

8

colic

spasm in any hollow or tubular soft organ especially in the colon, accompanied by pain

9

Crohn disease

chronic inflammation, usually of the ileum, but possibly affecting any portion of the intestinal tract; also called regional enteritis. May cause fever, cramping, diarrhea, and weight loss.

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deglutition

act of swallowing

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dysentery

inflammation of the intestine, especially the colon, that may be caused by ingesting water or food containing chemical irritants, bacteria, protozoa, or parasites, which results in bloody diarrhea

12

dyspepsia

epigastric discomfort felt after eating, also called indigestion

13

dysphgagia

inability or difficulty swallowing; also called aphagia

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eructation

producing gas from the stomach, usually with a characteristic sound; also called belching

15

fecalith

fecal concretion

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flatus

gas in the GI tract; expelling of air from a body orifice, especially the anus

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gastroesophageal reflux disease

backflow of gastric contents into the esophagus due to a malfunction of the sphincter muscle at the inferior portion of the esophagus

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halitosis

bad breath

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hematemesis

vomiting of blood from bleeding in the stomach or esophagus

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irritable bowel syndrome

symptom complex marked by abdominal pain and altered bowel function (typically constipation, diarrhea, or alternating constipation and diarrhea) for which no organic cause can be determined; also called spastic colon

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malabsorption syndrome

symptom complex of the small intestine characterized by the impaired passage of nutrients, minerals, or fluids through intestinal villi into the blood or lymph

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melena

passage of dark colored, tarry stools, due to the presence of blood altered by intestinal juices

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obesity

Excessive accumulation of fat that exceeds the body's skeletal and physical standards, usually an increase of 20 percent or more above ideal body weight

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morbid obesity

body mass index (BMI) of 40 or greater, which is generally 100 or more pounds over ideal body weight

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obstipation

severe constipation; may be caused by intestinal obstruction

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oral leukoplakia

formation of white spots or patches on the mucous membrane of the tongue, lips, or cheek caused primarily by irritaiton

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peristalsis

progressive, wavelike movement that occurs involuntarily in hollow tubes of the body, especially the GI tract

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pyloric stenosis

stricture or narrowing of the pyloric sphincter (circular muscle of the pylorus) at the outlet of the stomach, causing an obstruction that blocks the flow of food into the small intestine

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regurgitation

backward flowing, as in the return of solids or fluids to the mouth from the stomach

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steatorrhea

passage of fat in large amounts in the feces due to failure to digest and absorb it.

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adhesions

scar tissue that can cause intestinal obstruction

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volvolus

intestinal twisting

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intussusceptions

intestinal telescoping where part of the intestine sliups into another part just beneath it

34

hernia

a protrusion of any organ, tissue, or structure through the wall of the cavity in which it is naturally contained. In general the term is applied to protrusions of abdominal organs through the abdominal wall (see pgs. 116 and 117)

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