Digestive System pp (part 2) Flashcards Preview

Digestive Tract Test (CTC VS) > Digestive System pp (part 2) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Digestive System pp (part 2) Deck (17):
1

Gingiva 

the mucous membrane that surounds the teeth 

- gingiv/o 

2

Salivary glands 

groups of cells that secrete saliva 

- sialaden/o, Sial/o 

3

Pharynx 

cavity in the caudal oral cavity that joins the respiratory and gastrointestinal systems 

- aka throat 

- pharyng/o

4

Gullet 

a collapsible muscular tube that leads from the oral cavity to the stomach 

- aka esophagus 

5

Sphincter 

ringlike muscle that constricts an opening

6

Abdomen

-aka the peritoneal/digestive system 

holds the remaining digestive organs 

located btwn the diaphragm adn pelvis

7

Peritoneum 

the membrane lining that covers the abdominal and pelvic cavity and some of the organs in this area 

paxetal - abdominal and pelvic 

visceral - abdominal organs 

omentum - connects stomach and other organs 

8

stomach 

saclike organ that aides in the digestion of food 

9

Monogastric vs ruminant 

Monogastric - one true glandular stomach 

Ruminant - one true stomach plus 3 forestomachs 

10

The parts of the stomach 

- cardia 

- fundus 

- antrum 

- pylorus 

- pyloric spincter 

- rugae 

11

Cardia 

entrance near esophagus 

12

Fundus 

cranial, rounded part of the stomach 

13

Antrum 

Caudal part of the stomach

14

Body 

main part of the stomach 

15

Pylorus 

narrow passage between the stomach and the duodenum 

16

Pyloric sphincter 

muscle ring that controls flow of material from the stomach to the small intestine 

17

Rugae 

Folds in the mucosa of the stomach