Digestive System pp (part 3) Flashcards Preview

Digestive Tract Test (CTC VS) > Digestive System pp (part 3) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Digestive System pp (part 3) Deck (17):
1

Small Intestines 

extends from the pylorus to the large intestine

- held in place by the mesentery  

2

3 segments of the small intestines 

Duodenum 

jejunum 

ileum 

3

Large intestine runs from 

from the ileum to the anus 

4

Cecum 

pouch that takes food from the ileum 

5

Parts of the large intestine 

cecum

colon 

rectum 

anus 

6

Accessory organs of the digestive tract

liver 

gallbladder 

pancreas 

salivary glands 

7

Digestion 

the process of breaking down foods into nutrients that the body can use

8

Metabolism 

processes involved in the body's use of nutrients 

9

Anabolism 

building up of body cells 

10

Catabolism 

breakdown of body cells 

11

Absorption 

the process of taking digested nutrients into the circulatory system 

- aka assimilation 

12

Villi 

tiny hairlike projections that help increase the surface area of the small intestine allowing more nutrients to be absorbed 

13

Crypts 

the valleys that result from the projections of the small intestine 

14

Prehension 

the grasping of food and collection in the oral cavity 

15

Mastication 

breaking down of food into smaller pieces 

-chewing 

16

Peristalsis 

a series of wavelike contractions that move ingesta caudally toward the anus 

17

Segmentation 

the side-to-side mixing of ingesta