Directional Terms Flashcards Preview

Abdominal Scanning > Directional Terms > Flashcards

Flashcards in Directional Terms Deck (66):
1

Used to establish the direction that the u/s beam enters the body and the anatomic portion of the anatomy being visualized from that direction.

Planes - ie Sagittal, Transverse, Coronal

2

Used to determine the direction of the anatomy you'll see in the frame.

Anatomical Orientation - ie anterior, posterior, inferior, etc.

3

The head of the pancreas is ___ to the IVC.

anterior

4

The gallbladder lies ___ to the liver.

posterior

5

The right renal artery lies ___ to the IVC.

posterior

6

The aorta is ___ to the left kidney.

medial

7

The duodenm is ___ to the pancreas head.

lateral

8

The diaphragm is ___ to the liver.

superior

9

The SMA is ___ to the celiac axis.

inferior

10

The abdominal aorta is ___ to the thoracic aorta.

distal

11

The thyroid is considered to be a ___ structure.

superficial

12

The tail of the pancreas is ___ to the aorta.

left

13

Term for situated on or affecting the same side.

ipsilateral

14

Term for situated on or affecting the opposite side.

contralateral

15

The pancreatic head is ___ to the IVC.

anterior

16

The pancreatic head is ___ to the MPV.

inferior

17

The pancreatic head is ___ to the 2nd portion of the duodenum.

medial

18

The uncinate process of the pancreas ___ to the SMV.

posterior

19

The CBD is ___ ___ to the head of the pancreas.

postero-lateral

20

The GDA is __ ___ to the head of the pancreas.

antero-lateral

21

The SMA and SMV are ___ to the neck of the pancreas.

posterior

22

The aorta is ___ to the body of the pancreas.

posterior

23

The celiac axis arises from the aorta ___ to the pancreas.

superior

24

The SMA and SMV are ___ to the 3rd portion of the duodenum.

anterior

25

The MPV is the result of the combination of the ___, ___, & ___.

splenic vein, SMV, and IMV

26

The stomach is ___ and ___ to the splenic hilum.

anterior and medial

27

The tail of the pancreas is ___ to the stomach.

posterior

28

The left kidney is ___ and ___ to the spleen.

inferior and medial

29

The tail of the pancreas is ___ to the upper pole of the left kidney.

anterior

30

The CHD is ___ to the CBD.

proximal

31

The right kidney is ___ to the left kidney.

contralateral

32

The spleen and the left kidney are ___.

ipsilateral

33

The carotid artery is a ___ structure.

superficial

34

The pancreas is a ___ structure.

deep

35

The CBD is ___ to the portal vein.

anterior.

36

The CHD is ___ to the portal vein.

anterior

37

The portal vein is ___ to the IVC.

anterior

38

The stomach is ___ to the pancreas body & tail.

anterior

39

The celiac trunk is ___ to the left lobe of the liver.

medial

40

The aorta is ___ to the celiac axis, SMA & LLL.

posterior

41

The SMA lies ___ to the pancreas body.

posterior

42

The spleen lies ___ to the pancreas tail.

lateral

43

The pancreas body is ___ to the splenic vein.

anterior

44

The SMV lies ___ to the uncinate process.

anterior

45

The SMV lies ___ to the pancreatic neck.

posterior

46

The SMV lies ___ to the portal vein.

inferior

47

The pancreatic head is ___ to the IVC.

anterior

48

The pancreatic head is ___ to the portal vein.

inferior

49

The uncinate process is ___ to the SMV.

posterior

50

The CBD is ___ to the 1st portion of the duodenum.

posterior

51

The splenic vein is ___ to the pancreas.

posteroinferior

52

The crus of the diaphragm is ___ to the aorta.

anterior

53

The crus of the diaphragm is ___ to the celiac axis.

superior

54

The crus of the diaphragm is ___ to the IVC.

posterior

55

The crus of the diaphragm is ___ to the adrenal glands.

medial & posterior

56

Which direction will the IVC be displaced if there's a right liver mass?

posteror

57

Which direction will the IVC be displaced if there's a right renal artery aneurysm?

anterior

58

Which direction will the IVC be displaced if there's a tortuous aorta?

right

59

Which direction will the IVC be displaced if there's a right adrenal mass?

medial/anterior

60

Which direction will the IVC be displaced if there's a right renal mass?

medial/left

61

What direction will the splenic vein be displaced by a left adrenal mass?

anterior

62

What direction will the bladder be displaced by a hematoma in the pouch of douglas?

anterior

63

What direction will the pancreatic tail be displaced by a gastric outlet obstruction and dilatation of the stomach?

posterior

64

What direction will a mass in the uncinate process displace the SMV?

anterior

65

What direction will a neuroblastoma displace the ipsilateral kidney?

inferior

66

What direction will a mass in the left lobe of the liver displace the GE junction?

posterior