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Exam 4 > Disease > Flashcards

Flashcards in Disease Deck (33):
1

Epidemic

Disease affects many people region

2

Multifactoral disease

Disease cause combination factors
Factors we can't control
-heredity, aging, environmental factors
Factors we can control
Nutrition, fitness, sleep, stress, personal hygiene, drug use

3

Direct contact

Kissing
Touching
Sex

4

Indirect contact

Objects

5

Airborne contact

Sneezing
Coughing

6

Bacteria

Organism carries disease

7

Toxin

Poisonous substance causes disease

8

Types of bacteria

Strep throat
Pneumonia
TB
Gum + tooth disease
Staph disease

9

Virus

Common cold
influenza
Mononucleosis
Hepatitis

10

Fungi

Plant like pathogen
Athletes foot
Yeast infection
Ring worm

11

Skin

First line of defense

12

Body temperature

Helps Fight infection

13

Immunity

Ability resist a disease

14

Antigen

Triggers immune response producing antibodies

15

Antibody

Substances destroy disease agents

16

White blood cells

Attack destroy foreign invaders

17

B cells

B lymphocytes fight disease

18

T cells (t lymphocytes)

Attack infected or malignant cells
As memory cells

19

Allergy

Hypersensitivity reaction allergens

20

Hay fever

Chronic respiratory disease environmental allergens

21

Emphysema

Destruction of Alveoli

22

Chronic Bronchitis

Swelling/ inflammation bronchial tubes

23

Epilepsy (seizure)

Abnormal electrical activity brain
Loss control of muscular activity

24

PMS

Physical/ emotional symptoms
Before menstruation

25

Diabetes

Lack of insulin

26

Hyperglycemia

Elevated blood sugar levels

27

Colitis

Intestinal walk inflamed

28

IBS

Irritation bowels
Diet/stress

29

Diverticulosis

Intention becomes weakened
Pea sized (filled feces) bulges

30

Arthritis

Painful inflammation joints

31

Osteoarthritis

Deterioration bones/joints wear and tear

32

Rheumatoid Arthritis

Inflammatory attacks synovial membrane

33

Pathogen

Disease causing agents food, air, people