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Flashcards in diseases Deck (6):
1

cardiovascular disease

-develops from artherosclerosis (fat/cholesterol in arteries)
> angina-chest pain
> myocardial infarction-heart attack
>cholesterol, lipoproteins, tris
-eat diet rich in fruit, vege, whole grain, high-fiber, fish
-limit sat fat

2

hypertension

-systolic BP >140Hg/ Diastolic BP >90Hg
- 30% of americans >20yrs have hypertension
> leading cause of stroke (nutrition+physical activity prevent)
-DASH

3

diabetes

21mil people
-abnormal regulation blood glucose
- type I - inability pancreas to secrete sufficient insulin
- type II- cell decreased ability respond to insulin
(5-6 equally portioned smaller meals)

4

osteoporosis
prevention/treatment

-weakness/susceptibility to bone fracture, spine/hip/wrist
-50% all women, 20% men over 50 suffer osteo fracture
- calcium, vit D, K, weight bearing physical activity

5

iron deficiency anemia

20% women 18-44
- vitamin C at each meal
- meat/fish/poultry/beans each meal
- avoid coffee/tea (tannins inhibit absorption, also calcium

6

hypokinetic disease

disease or condition associated with too little activity or exercise
-cardiovascular, LBP, HBP, iron anemia, obesity, diabetes (II)