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Flashcards in Diseases By Microbes Deck (45)
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1

Staph Aureus

1) Gastroenteritis
2) Acute infective endocarditis
3) Toxic shock syndrome
4) Osteomyelitis
5) Pneumonia (often post-viral)
6) Abscesses and mastitis
7) Impetigo, scalded skin syndrome
8) Surgical infections

2

Staphylococcus epidermidis

1) Endocarditis of artificial heart valves
2) Catheter infection
3) Prosthetic device infection

3

Staphylococcus saprophyticus

UTI's in sexually active females

4

Strep Pyogenes (group A)

1) Impetigo
2) Pharyngitis
3) Cellulitis/Erysipelas
4) Scarlet fever
- Strep throat
- Strawberry tongue
- Rash that spares face
5) Toxic-Shock-Like syndrome
6) Necrotizing fasciitis
7) Rheumatic fever (M prot+JONES)
8) Acute glomerulonephritis (2 wks af)

5

Strep Agalctiae (group B)

1) Neonatal septicemia
2) Meningitis
3) Pneumonia

6

Strep pneumoniae

MOPS:
- M: Meningitis
- O: Otitis media
- P: Pneumonia
- S: Sinusitis

7

Strep viridans

1) Dental carries
2) Infective endocarditis

8

Enterococcus

Faecalis:
- Infective endocarditis
- Biliary tree infections
- UTI's
Faecium same?

9

Bacillus anthracis

1) Cutaneous anthrax-papule (eschar w/hemorr border)
2) Wool sorter's disease (pneumonia)
3) Gastrointestinal anthrax

10

Bacillus cereus

Gastroenteritis

11

Clostridium tetani

Tetanus
- Risus sardonicus
- Opisthotonus

12

Clostridium botulinum

Adult: botulism (flaccid paralysis)

Infant: Floppy baby syndrome

13

Clostridium difficile

- Diarrhea
- Colitis
- Pseudomembranous colitis

14

Clostridium perfringens

1) Gas gangrene
2) Food poisoning

15

Corynebacterium diohteriae

Diphteria
- Pseudomembrane
- Bull neck
- Myocarditis
- Heart block

16

Listeria monocytogenes

1) Listeriosis (
2) Neonatal: granulomatous infantisepticum, sepsis, meningitis

17

Actinomyces israeli

Actinomycosis
- Sinus tracts
- Draining abscesses with yellow sulfur granules
- Tissue swelling
- Brain abscess

18

Nocardia (asteroides and brasiliensis)

1) Nocardiosis (cavitary bronchopulmonary nocardiosis)
- pneumonia with cavitation
- brain abscesses
2) Cutaneous/subcutanous nocardiosis
- cellulitis and swelling
- draining subcutaneous abscesses with granules, mycetoma

19

Neisseria meningitidis

Meningitis
Meningococcemia
- Petechia
Waterhouse-Friderichsen syndrome

20

Neisseria gonorrhoeae

Gonorrhea
- Male: urethritis, orchitis, proctitis
- Female: endocervitis and PID
*Fitz-Hugh-Curtis syndrome
assymetrical arthris
- Infants: ophtalmia and acute conjunctivitis

21

Enterobacter cloacae, serratia marcescens and klebsiella pneumoniae

UTI's
Pneumonia (abscesses)
Septicaemia

22

Salmonella

Typhi: Typhoid or enteric fever
- Rose spots on trunk and constipation or pea soup diarrhea

23

Shigella

Enterocolitis/shigellosis (most severe form is dysentery)
- Bloody inflammatory diarrhea

24

Escherichia coli

EHEC: bloody diarrhea and HUS

ETEC: travellers diarrhea (watery)
- LT: cAMP
- ST: cGMP

25

Yersinia

Pestis:
- Bubonic plague

Enterocolitica
- enterocolitis: febrile diarrhea (bloody)
- pseudoappendicitis

26

Campylobacter jejuni

Gastroenteritis
- Reactive arthritis
- Guillain Barre syndrome

27

Vibrio

Cholerae: cholera (watery diarrhea)

Parahemolyticus: watery diarrhea
Vulnificus: watery diarrhea and cellulitis

28

Helicobacter pylori

- Chronic gastritis with duodenal ulcers
- gastric adenocarcinoma
- MALToma or B cell lymphoma

29

Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Healthy:
-Loose stools
- Pruritic popular postule folliculitis (hot tub folliculitis)
- Eye ulcers

Burn victims:
- Cellulitis
- Septicaemia

Immunocompr (CGD, CF, nosocom)
- Pneumonia
- Septicaemia

Otitis externa (swimmers ear)
Osteomyelitis (iv drug users+diabetics)
Echtyma gangrenosum
UTI's (catheterized patients)

30

Proteus mirabilis

UTI's
Septicaemia