Diseases of the Spinal Cord and Nerve Roots Flashcards Preview

Neurology > Diseases of the Spinal Cord and Nerve Roots > Flashcards

Flashcards in Diseases of the Spinal Cord and Nerve Roots Deck (15):
1

Where does the spinal cord start and end?

C1- L2

2

What parts of the spinal cord are composed of grey matter?

Anterior horn
Posterior horn
Central canal

3

What parts of the spinal cord are composed of white matter?

Anterior, lateral and posterior columns

4

What are the clinical features of a spinal cord disease?

Pain- local or referred
Deformity
Motor -weakness
Sensory- pins and needles, tingling, numbness

5

What upper motor clinical features occur due to cord compression?

Weakness
Increased tone
Increased reflexes
Upgoing plantar response
Clonus

6

What are the lower motor clinical features of a peripheral nerve root compression?

Wasting of muscle
Fasiculation
Weakness
Decreased tone
Decreased reflexes
Decreased or absent plantar response

7

What are the different types of spina bifida?

Occulta
Aperta

8

What is the difference between occulta and apart spina bifida?

Occulta- normal or mild symptoms
Aperta- hydrocephalus, chiari malformation, aqueduct stenosis, tethered cord as associated symptoms

9

What are the subtypes of spina bifida aperta?

Meningocele
Meningomyelocele

10

What are the different forms of cervical spondylosis?

Myelopthy
Radiculopathy

11

What are the different forms of lumbar spondylosis?

Radiculopathy
Cauda equina syndrome

12

What are the clinical signs of caudal equina syndrome?

Bilateral leg pain
Bladder/ bowel symptoms
saddle sensory symptoms

13

Where are the common locations of spinal metastasis?

Breast
Lung
Prostate

14

What are the different types of primary spinal neoplasms?

Neurofibroma
Lymphoma
Meningioma

15

What are the clinical symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome?

Pain worse at night
Paraesthesia/ numbness