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RUSVM Pharmacology 2016 > Diuretics > Flashcards

Flashcards in Diuretics Deck (12):
1

Loop or high ceiling diuretics

Furosemide
bumetanide
ethacrynic acid

2

Osmotic diuretics

Mannitol
urea
glycerin
Isosorbide

3

Thiazide diuretics

Hydrochlorothiazide
chlorothiazide

4

Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors

Acetazolamide
Methylzolamide
dorzolamide
brinzolamide

5

Potassium sparing diuretics

Spironolactone
Triamtrene
Amiloride

6

Loop or high ceiling diuretics-receptor and uses?

Inhibits the sodium potassium chloride symporter in the loop of Henle used in the treatment of acute pulmonary edema, pulmonary congestion, generalized edema, chronic renal failure, and liver cirrhosis

7

Osmotic diuretics-receptor and uses?

Act on the loop of Henley and proximal tubule used in the treatment of cerebral edema, acute renal failure, and mobilization of edema fluid and drug overdose

8

Thiazide diuretics-receptor and uses?

Inhibit sodium chloride symporter in the distal convoluted tubule used in the treatment of edema of congestive heart failure, liver cirrhosis, nephrotic syndrome, acute glomerular nephritis, udder edema, hypertension, nephrogenic diabetes insipidus, calcium nephroliathiasis, And osteoporosis

9

Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors -receptor and uses?

Inhibit the exchange of hydrogen for sodium in the proximal tubule and collecting used in the treatment of open angle glaucoma and Acetazolamide used in udder edema

10

Spironolactone- receptor and uses?

Blocks aldosterone binding to receptors in the late distal tubule and collecting duct used in the treatment of primary and secondary hyperaldosteronism treatment of pulmonary edema

11

Triamtrene and Amiloride -receptor and uses?

Block epithelial sodium channels in the late distal tubule and collecting duct used in the treatment of hypokalemia, hypomagnesemia, edematous disorders, and hypertension

12

Cardiovascular diuretics

Digitalis (digoxin)
phosphodiesterase inhibitors: aminophylline, inamrinone, milrinone