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Flashcards in DM drugs Deck (23):
1

which drugs are rapid insulin?

Lispro Aspart Glulisine

2

which drug is considered short insulin?

regular

3

Which drug is considered intermediate insulin?

NPH

4

Which drugs are considered long insulin?

Glargine Detemir Deglutec

5

NPH can cause _____

weight gain ** Glargine has less weight gain

6

2 classes of insulin secretagogues?

- sulfonylureas - Meglitinides

7

2 drugs in the class of the sulfonylureas

- glipizide - glyburide - glimepiride

8

drugs in the class of meglitinides?

"- 'glinide"

9

What are the drugs in the alpha-glucosidase inhibitors?

- Acarbose - miglitol

10

What drug is an insuin sensitizer and in the class of the biguandes?

metformin

11

What drug is an insulin sensitizer and in the class of the TZD's?

Pioglitazone

12

Which class increases the basal and postprandial insulin secretion?

Sulfonylureas

13

Which cass increases the postprandial insulin secretion?

meglitinides

14

Which class decreases the post prandial glucose absoprtion?

alpha- glucosidase inhibitors

15

which class enhances hepatic response to insulin?

Metformin

16

Which class inporve insulin action in peripheral tissues and increease glucose uptake?

TZD's

17

power, SE, main risk of the insulin secretagogues?

1-2 perc se- weight gain Risk-- hypoglycemia

18

power, SE, main risk of the TZD's?

.5-1.5 SE-- edema, weight gain, anemia, fx Risk-- hepatotoxicity increasing CHF, bladder cancer

19

power, SE, main risk of metformin

1-2 SE- N/V/D risk-- lactic acidosis ** stop with dehydration, surgery, IV radiocontrast

20

power, SE of the alpha- glucosidase inhibitors

.5-1 SE-- flatulence

21

drugs in the inretin mmetics

- Exenatide .8-1; SQ ** weightloss

22

power of the DDP4 antagonists

.6-.8; PO; weight neutral

23

drugs in the sodium-glucose co-transport class?

"-gliflozen" .7-.9; genital mycotic infections CI in renal failure pts