what kind of fever for DVT?
2 ways to investigate a PE?
1. VQ scan: radioactive xenon 2. CTPA: pulmonary angiogram
which ECG limb gives you sinus rhythm?
which 3 tests do you use to manage anticoagulants?
unfractionated heparin: APTT Clexane: LMW heparin: Anti-factor Xa warfarin: INR
3 types of NOF fractures:
Intertrochanteric Surgical NOF subcapital
how to investigate a DVT? Imaging?
ultrasound, see how compressible
how to place the 4 limb leads for ECG?
White is Right UL black is left UL Red>communism>left of center>left LL other colour> grounding
what is howman's sign?
DVT: pain in calf on dorsiflexion, Sen: 60-88% Spec: 30-72%
3 ways to manage DVT acutely?
unfractionated heparin Clexane: LMW heparin warfarin later
how does someone present with NOF?
externally rotated and shortened lower limb
5 Ps for arterial insufficiency?
pallor pulseless paralysis paraesthesia pain
what is methoxyflurane?
inhaled anaesthetic for paramedics
where do you kind clear cell carcinoma?
2 surgeries that give highest risk of PE?
LL ortho pelvic
structures in femoral triangle?
NAVEL from lateral to medial: Nerve artery Vein Empty space lacular ligament Gimbernat's ligamen
what is lymphangitis?
inflamm of lymph vessels due to infection: IV antis
where to get technicium?
from molybdenum decay
what causes painless haematuria?
clear cell carcinoma
low trauma causing immense sudden pain in otherwise well individual