Drama/ R&J Terms Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Drama/ R&J Terms Deck (30):
0

Oxymoron

a figure of speech that combines contradicting terms (e.g. Jumbo Shrimp)

1

Aside

words spoke by a character to him/her self or to another character(s). This is not heard by all on stage

2

Allusion

a reference to something or someone the audience is expected to be familiar with--i.e. history, mythology, a work of literature, etc.

3

Catharsis

purging/cleansing of emotions through literature

4

foil

a character who--by contrast--illuminates another character

5

Hyperbole

Exaggeration for effect

6

innuendo

comments that have derogatory implications, insinuations, often sexual in nature

7

Causality

A tight woven plot of tragedy. Events build logically. There are direct, foreseeable links between actions and reactions, cause and effects

7

Couplet (heroic couplet)

2 successive lines of rhyming iambic pentameter

8

Dramatic irony

The anxiety experience when reader/audience knows more than the characters-- occurs when there is a contradiction between what the character believes and what the audience knows to be true

8

Imagery

Using words to capture sensory experiences--sights, sounds, smells, tastes, and sensations at touch

9

Metaphor

A direct comparison between unlike things in which one is said to be another

9

Personification

Giving human attributes or qualities to nonhuman things

12

prologue

a formal introduction to a work of literature

14

paradox

a seemingly contradictory statement that upon reflection proves true.

15

exposition

establishes setting, characters, and conflict

15

prose vs. Poetry/verse

prose is writing that is not poetry. poetry is writing that features one or more of the following: rhythm, compressed language, figurative language, appeals to emotion and or imagination ,etc.

16

pun

a play on words that have meanings or that sound alike

17

rising action

conflict becomes more complicated

17

meter

a general pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables

18

iambic pentameter

meter that features 5 ft (iambic units) per line; each iambic (foot) features an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable

19

blank verse

unrhymed iambic pentameter. "blank" means that there is no rhyme at the end of lines

20

turning point

character does something that seals his/her fate--an action from which there is no turning back

22

rising action

more complications leading to the climax

24

climax/resolution

highest point of conflict is reached; point at which the main conflict is settled--which quickly leads into the play's conclusion

25

Simile

A direct comparison between unlike things in which one thing is said to be LIKE or AS another

26

Soliloquy

A speech in which a character voices thought aloud for benefit of the audience (other character cannot hear what is said)

27

Sonnet

See handout

28

tragedy

tragic plot typically include the following elements: a character (1) high or noble birth--who is essentially good--has (2) his or her position threatened via a (3) series of casually related events. The character, then, suffers a (4) tragic fall--is brought low--due in large part to his/her own actions, his/her (5) tragic flaw. This outcome (6) evokes pity and fear from the audience (a tragic character must cause his own all determine his destiny or the story wont be tragic)

29

Tragic flaw

The character trait (defect) and or action that causes a character to suffer a tragic fall