Drug Abuse Flashcards Preview

Exam 8 > Drug Abuse > Flashcards

Flashcards in Drug Abuse Deck (18):
1

Stimulants have a ___________ effect

direct

2

Depressants are __________ via _________ circuits

indirect
disinhibition

3

Negative effects of drug driven by ___________________

autonomic NS

4

____________ regions involved in craving associated with addiction

prefrontal cortex
hippocampus

5

__________ regions involved in withdrawal and negative effects

hypothalamus
brain stem

6

Heroin, krokodil, and opium are ________ forms of ______

street
opioids

7

Drugs of abuse either directly or indirectly increase dopamine levels in the __________

nucleus accumbens

8

Benzodiazepines, barbiturates, propofol are _____ versions of ______

prescription
sedatives

9

Alcohol is a ____________

sedative

10

Amphetamines and methylphenidate are ______ forms of ______

prescription
stimulants

11

Cocaine, crack, methamphetamine, bath salts, khat, nicotine, and caffeine are ______ forms of ______

street
stimulants

12

Ketamine is a _____

hallucinogen

13

LSD, ectasy, mescaline, peyote, cannabis, inhalants, NBome are _____ forms of ________

street
hallucinogens

14

_________ receptor activation inhibits GABA transmission

opioid

15

Initially results in increased nucleus accumbens dopamine release causing euphoria. Followed by tranquility

Opioids

16

Relieves opioid craving and withdrawal sxs. Blocks euphoric effects of opioids.

Methadone

17

Partial mu agonist. Has no kappa activity

Buprenorphine

18

Binds to mu receptor, but doesn't activate it

buprenorphine