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Flashcards in Drugs Deck (42):
1

What is flumazenil?

A drug used to reverse the effects of benzodiazepines.

2

Name three drugs that dry the respiratory and gastric secretions.

Atropine
Scopolamine
Glycopyrrolate

3

What is ketamines half life?

10-15 minutes

4

What is Narcan (naloxine)?

Narcotic reversal agent

5

What is Propofol's half life?

2-8 minutes

6

What is the half life of versed?

1-4 hours

7

What does adenosine do?

Slows conduction through the AV node.

8

What is Aminophyllin used for?
What does it do?

Broncohospasm.
Relaxes bronchial muscles

9

What is AMYL Nitrite used for and the effects.

Angina pectoris
Temporarily reduces cardiac work, increases coronary circulation- oxygen to the myocardium

10

What is Atropine and what are the side effects?

Bradycardia, asystole, oral secretions.
Increases heart rate, decreases secretions.

11

What is bretylium tosylate (breylol) used for and its actions?

Life threatening ventricular dysthymia.
Decreases ventricular secretions.

12

What is brompheniramine used for?

Allergic reactions.

13

What is calcium chloride used for and its actions?

Cardiac arrest.
Replenishes calcium to myocardium to enhance normal cardiac function.

14

What is dexamethasone used for and its actions?

Adrenal crisis, aspiration of vomit, allergic reaction.
Anti-inflammatory.

15

What is dextrose injection used for and its actions?

Insulin reaction.
Produces easily metabolized source of calories.

16

What is diazepam used for and its actions?

Convulsive disorders.
Benzodiazepine

17

What is diazoxide used for and its actions?

Extreme hypertension.
Decreases blood pressure, increases heart rate and cardiac output.

18

What is digoxin used for and its actions?

Certain cardiac dysthymia.
Decreases heart rate at SA node,, I caresses cardiac contractility.

19

What is diphenhydramine (Benadryl) used for?

Allergic reactions.

20

What is epinephrine used for and its actions?

Cardiac arrest, bronchospasm, allergic reactions.
Relaxes bronchial muscles, cardiac stimulant.

21

What is ephedrine used for and its actions?

Hypotension.
Enhances cardiac output, increases blood pressure.

22

What is hydralazine used for and its actions?

Extreme hypertensive conditions.
Decreases blood pressure, especially diastolic.

23

What is soul-cortef used for and its actions?

Adrenal crisis, aspiration, allergic reactions.
Anti-inflammatory, elevates level of circulating adrenocortical hormone.

24

What is intropin used for and its actions?

Severe hypotension.
Increases cardiac output, increases blood pressure.

25

What is isoproterenol used for and its actions?

Cardiac arrest, shock, angina.
Similar to epinephrine.

26

What does MONA stand for? And when is it used?

M-morphine
O-oxygen
N-nitrates
A-aspirin

Used for heart attacks

27

What is lidocaine used for and its actions?

Cardiac arrest.
Decreases irritability of ventricles.

28

What is mephentermine used for and its actions?

Various hypotension conditions.
Enhances cardiac contraction, cardiac output and increases blood pressure.

29

What is metaraminol used for and its actions?

Server hypotension.
Increases blood pressure, reflex bradycardia.

30

What is methylprednisolone used for and its actions?

Adrenal crisis, aspiration, allergic reactions.

31

What is morphine sulfate used for and its actions?

Myocardial infarction.
Relieves pain and anxiety

32

What is nitroglycerin used for and its actions?

Angine pectoris.
Temporarily reduces cardiac work, increases coronary circulation.

33

What is norepinephrine used for and its actions?

Certain acute hypotension states. Powerful peripheral vasoconstrictor.

34

What is phenylephrine used for and its actions?

Certain cardiac dysthymias, shock.
Increases blood pressure

35

What is phenytoin (Dilantin) used for and its actions?

Seizures, epileptic
Inhibits spread of serious activity in the motor cortex of the brain.

36

What is procainamide used for and its actions?

Cardiac dysrhythmias
Widens QRS complex

37

What is propranolol used for and its actions?

Cardiac dysrhythmias, hypertension.
Slows heart rate

38

What is prostigmine used for and its actions?

Reverse pavulon.
Reverse effects of pavulon.

39

What is sodium bicarbonate used for and its actions?

Cardiac arrest.
Counteracts abnormal acidity of body fluids during cardiac arrest.

40

What is succinylcholine used for and its actions?

Laryngospasm.
Rapid acting, temporarily paralyzes skeletal muscles

41

What is theophylline used for and its actions?

Bronchospasm.
Relieved bronchial smooth muscles

42

What is verapamil used for and its actions?

Tachycardia.
Decreases SA-node