Drugs & Alcohol Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Drugs & Alcohol Deck (34):
1

Amphetamines

Causes nervous system to become more active. Making someone more energetic and have more mental excitement

2

Analgesic

Relieves pain

3

Anesthesia

Loss of feeling in body through use of drugs

4

Barbiturates

Various drugs used to calm people or make them sleep

5

Cannabis

Any of the preparation (marijuana or hashish) or chemicals (THC) derived from the hemp and are psychoactive

6

Carbon monoxide

Poisonous gas formed when carbon isn’t burned fully or gasoline is burned in car engines

7

Carcinogens

Substance that can cause cancer

8

Cirrhosis

Disease of the liver, caused by drinking too much alcohol

9

Cocaine

Drug used in medicine to stop pain, used illegally for pleasure

10

Crystal meth (methamphetamine)

Highly concentrated, highly addictive stimulant effecting dopamine levels in the brain

11

Detox

Cause someone to stop using drugs/alcohol by giving special help and treatment

12

Dopamine

Neurotransmitter responsible for pleasure impulses in brain

13

DXM (dextromethorphan)

Active Ingredient in cough medicine. Overused to create impairment

14

Ecstasy

Illegal drug, causes extreme feelings of pleasure and increased sensory perception.

15

Emphysema

Disease, lungs become stretched (alveolar sacs) breathing becomes difficult

16

Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders

Highly variable group of birth defects. Mental retardation, déficient growth, and malformations of the skull and face.

17

Fluntrazepam (rohypnol)

Illegal barbiturate, causes severe neurological symptoms and amnesia. Used by sexual predators as a date rape drug

18

GHB (gamma hydroxybutyrate)

Depressant Of central nervous system, used to produce sedative and euphoric effects, known date rape drug

19

Hashish

Concentrated resin of hemp plant of the genus Cannis (C. Sativa), smoked, chewed or drunk for intoxicating effects

20

Heroin

Addictive drug from poppy plant

21

Inhalants

Various toxic volatile substances, fumes inhaled for euphoric effects

22

Ketamine

General anesthetic, used illicitly by inhaling the powder form for a dreamlike hallucinogenic state.

23

LSD

As emisynthetic illicit organic compound. Endures extreme sensory distortions, altered perceptions of reality, and intense emotional states, may also produce delusions or paranoia

24

MDMA

Synthetic amphetamine used illicitly for its mood-enhancing and hallucinogenic properties

25

Methadone (methadone hydrochloride)

Synthetic addictive narcotic. Used to relieve pain and is used as a substitute narcotic in the treatment of heroin addiction—called amidone

26

Methylphenidate (Ritalin)

Drug given to people with ADD

27

Morphine

Powerful drug made from opium. Used to reduce pain

28

Narcotic

Ad rug that in moderate doses dulls the senses, relieves pain, and induces profound sleep. In excessive doses causes stupor, coma, or convulsions

29

Nicotine

Poisonous & highly addictive alkaloid. Chief active ingredient in tobacco, used as insecticide

30

PCP (phencyclidine)

Used mostly in form of hydrochloride. Veterinary anesthetic, illicitly as a psychedelic drug. Known as angel dust, PCP

31

Peyote

Hallucinogenic drug. Derived from peyote buttons, used in religious ceremonies of some American Indian people

32

Psychotropic

Having effect on how the mind works

33

Sedative

Drug that calms or relaxes someone

34

Tolerance

Body’s ability to become adjusted to something so that it’s effects are experienced less strongly