Drugs and Alcohol Flashcards Preview

HEALTH > Drugs and Alcohol > Flashcards

Flashcards in Drugs and Alcohol Deck (33):
1

Amphetamines


Amphetamines: a drug that causes the nervous system to become more active so that a person feels more energy and mental excitement

2

Analgesic

Analgesic: a drug that relieves pain

3

Anesthesia

Anesthesia: loss of feeling in a person's body or part of the body through the use of drugs

4

Barbiturates

Barbiturates: any of various drugs that are used to calm people or to make them sleep

5

Cannabis

Cannabis: any of the preparations (as marijuana or hashish) or chemicals (as THC) that are derived from the hemp and are psychoactive

6

Carbon Monoxide

Carbon monoxide: a poisonous gas that is formed when carbon is not completely burned and especially when gasoline is burned in car engines

7

Carcinogens

Carcinogens: a substance that can cause cancer

8

Cirrhosis

Cirrhosis: a serious disease of the liver that can be caused by drinking too much alcohol

9

Crystal Meth

Crystal meth (methamphetamine): highly concentrated meth amphetamine which is a highly addictive stimulant effecting dopamine levels in the brain causing a high that lasts 8 to 12 hours

10

Detox

Detox: to cause (someone) to stop using drugs or alcohol by providing special help and treatment

11

Dopamine

Dopamine: neurotransmitter that is responsible for pleasure impulses in the brain

12

DXM

DXM (dextromethorphan): active ingredient in cough medicine that is sometimes over used to create impairment

13

Ecstasy

Ecstasy: illegal drug that causes extreme feelings of pleasure and increased sensory perception

14

Emphysema

Emphysema: a disease in which the lungs become stretched (alveolar sacs) and breathing becomes difficult

15

Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders

Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders: a highly variable group of birth defects including mental retardation, deficient growth, and malformations of the skull and face that tends to occur in the offspring of women who consume large amounts of alcohol during pregnancy

16

Flunitrazepam

Flunitrazepam (Rohypnol): illegal barbiturate that causes severe neurological symptoms and amnesia and is use by sexual predators as a date rape drug

17

GHA (gamma hydroxybutyrate)

GHB (gamma hydroxybutyrate): is a depressant of the central nervous system, and that is used illicitly to produce sedative and euphoric effects and is a known date rape drug that some also use recreationally to cause impairment.

18

Hashish

Hashish: the concentrated resin from the flowering tops of the female hemp plant of the genus Cannabis (C. sativa) that is smoked, chewed, or drunk for its intoxicating effect

19

Heroin

Heroin: Highly addictive drug derived from poppy plant

20

Inhalants

Inhalants: any of various often toxic volatile substances (as spray paint, glue, or paint thinner) whose fumes are sometimes inhaled for their euphoric effect

21

Ketamine

Ketamine: a general anesthetic that is administered intravenously or intramuscularly and that is used illicitly usually by being inhaled in powdered form especially for the dreamlike or hallucinogenic state it produces (slang special K)

22

LSD

LSD (d-lysergic acid diethylamide): a semisynthetic illicit organic compound derived from ergot (fungus) that induces extreme sensory distortions, altered perceptions of reality, and intense emotional states, that may also produce delusions or paranoia, and that may sometimes cause panic reactions in response to the effects experienced

23

MDMA

MDMA (3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine): (ecstasy) a synthetic amphetamine used illicitly for its mood-enhancing and hallucinogenic properties

24

Methadone

Methadone (methadone hydrochloride): a synthetic addictive narcotic drug used for the relief of pain and as a substitute narcotic in the treatment of heroin addiction—called also amidone

25

Methylphenidate

Methylphenidate (Ritalin): a drug (amphetamine that is given to people who suffer from attention deficit disorder

26

Morphine

Morphine: a powerful drug made from opium that is used to reduce pain

27

Narcotic

Narcotic: (opiate) a drug (as opium or morphine) that in moderate doses dulls the senses, relieves pain, and induces profound sleep but in excessive doses causes stupor, coma, or convulsions

28

Nicotine

Nicotine: a poisonous and highly addictive alkaloid that is the chief active ingredient in tobacco and that is used as an insecticide

29

PCP

PCP (phencyclidine): used chiefly in the form of its hydrochloride especially as a veterinary anesthetic and sometimes illicitly as a psychedelic drug —called also angel dust, PCP

30

Peyote

Peyote: a hallucinogenic drug containing mescaline that is derived from peyote buttons and used especially in the religious ceremonies of some American Indian peoples

31

Psychotropic

Psychotropic: having an effect on how the mind works

32

Sedative

Sedative: a drug that calms or relaxes someone

33

Tolerance

Tolerance: your body's ability to become adjusted to something (such as a drug) so that its effects are experienced less strongly