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Flashcards in Drugs and Behavior Deck (27):
0

What are the SEVEN (7) steps in NEUROTRANSMITTER ACTION?

1.) SYNTHESIS
2.) STORAGE in Vesicles
3.) Enzymes BREAKDOWN leaked NEUROTRANSMITTER
4.) EXOCYTOSIS
5.) INHIBITORY FEEDBACK via AUTORECEPTORS
6.) ACTIVATION of POSTSYNAPTIC receptors
7.) DEACTIVATION by REUPTAKE or DEGRADATION

*Fig 4.12 p. 90*

1

This is a drug that MIMICS or ENHANCES the activity of a neurotransmitter.

Agonist

2

This is a drug that BLOCKS activity of a neurotransmitter.

Antagonist

3

Barbiturates are what type of drug?

Sedative-Hypnotic

4

Benzodiazepines are what type of drug?

Anti-anxiety

5

What type of drug is alcohol?

Sedative-Hypnotic

6

BENZODIAZEPINES ENHANCES inhibitory effects of _________, therefore it is a ________.

GABA
Agonist

7

Caffeine is a ___________ and is involved in ___________ stimulation.

Stimulant
NE

8

Lysergic Acid Diethylamide (LSD) a ___________ drug that acts as a _________ agonist.

Psychedelic
Serotonin

9

Psilocybin is a _________ drug and acts as a __________ agonist.

Psychedelic
Serotonin

10

Halcion is a __________ drug.

Sedative-Hypnotic

11

Name THREE (3) benzodiazepines.

1.) Librium
2.) Valium
3.) Xanax

12

This is the MOST COMMONLY PRESCRIBED SEDATIVE-HYPNOTIC.

Ambien

13

Nicotine is a _________drug that stimulates _________ receptors.

Stimulant
ACH

14

Buspirone is a ______________ drug.

Anti-anxiety

15

These STIMULANTS inhibit NE/DA reuptake and increases NE/DA release.

Cocaine and Amphetamine

16

Name TWO (2) DISSOCIATIVE ANESTHETICS in the psychomimetic, psychedelic, hallucinogen category.

Phencyclidine
Ketamine

17

Marijuana is a ___________ drug and it's effective component is _____________.

Psychomimetic, Psychedelic, Hallucinogen
Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)

18

Mescaline is a __________ drug.

Psychomimetic, psychedelic, hallucinogen

19

Dissociative anesthetics are ANTAGONISTS to ___________ receptors.

Glutamate

20

High levels oh CANNABINOID RECEPTORS are widely distributed in the __________, __________, __________ and the _________.

Cerebral cortex
Hippocampus
Hypothalamus
Amygdala

21

Marijuana disrupts __________ function.

Cholinergic

22

The ____________ contains high concentrations of cholinergic neurons.

Hippocampus

23

These ANTIPSYCHOTIC drugs act as DA RECEPTOR BLOCKERS.

Chlorpromazine
Clozapine

24

Name THREE (3) ANTIDEPRESSANT drugs.

1.) Monoamine oxidase inhibitors
2.) NE reuptake inhibitors
3.) Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors

25

This is a mood stabilizing drug.

Lithium Carbonate

26

These are ANALGESIC drugs (2).

Aspirin
Opiate