Flashcards in Drugs and Mental Health Deck (25):
What is psychopharmacology?
The science of drug treatment of psychiatric disorders
What drugs are used to treat a) depression, b) schizophrenia and b) anxiety?
What is covered in the term anxiety?
Panic disorder, OCD, generalised anxiety disorder, social anxiety disorder, phobias.
What are the physiological effects of anxiety?
Sweating, sleep disorder and tense muscles
What are the physchological effects of anxiety?
Feeling worried, nervous and agitated
What are the most important anxiolytics?
What do benzodiazepines selectively act on?
GABAa receptors, enhance GABA response by opening GABA-activated cl- channels
What are the effects of benzodiazepines?
Reduced anxiety, sedation, reduced muscle tone and coordination and anticonvulsant.
What are the unwanted effects of benzodiazepines?
Drowsiness, confusion, loss of coordination, amnesia, tolerance and dependence
What are you most likely to suffer with depression?
A weakened immune system
What is depression often termed?
What are the symptoms of depression?
Sad/depressed mood, loss of pleasure, disruption of appetite, sleep and concentration, loss of energy, fatigue, negative self-concept and reluctant thoughts of death
What is the hypotheses which states that depression is due to low levels of amine in the brain?
Biogenic amine hypothesis
What are the three types of drugs used to treat depression ?
SSRIs, TCAs and MAOII
Give an examples of a SSRIs?
Proxitine, sertraline and Prozac
What is the big problem with antidepressants
They have a delay of at least 2 weeks
What are the unwanted effects of SSRIs?
Nausea, anorexia, insomnia, aggression/violence and sexual dysfunction
Why are SSRIs better than TCAs or MAOIIs?
They cannot kill you, they are no more effective
What are the three types of symptoms of schizophrenia?
Positive (aka type 1): visual/auditory hallucinations
Negative (aka type 2): apathy, lack of emotion, poor or non-existent social functioning
Cognitive symptoms: loss of concentration, memory and lack of ability to follow rules
What symptoms of schizophrenia occur when?
Positive usually earlier on when younger and then negative and cognitive with time and age.
What is the hypothesis of the cause of schizophrenia?
What is the dopamine hypothesis?
Poor regulation of dopamine transmission.
What are clinically used antiphyschotics?
What two groups do antiphyschotics split into?
Typical and a typical