Drugs - RX Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Drugs - RX Deck (12):
1

Phenelzine

MAO inhibitor used to treat depression

2

phentolamine

nonselective alpha-antagonist with short duration of action

3

phenylephrine

alpha agonist

4

atropine

muscarinic antagonist used to treat bradycardia

5

isosorbide dinitrate

vasodilator used to treat angina by inducing release of NO

6

mirtazaine

alpha2 blocker; used to treat depression

7

methimazole

blocks oxidation of iodine in thyroid inhibiting synthesis of thyroid hormone

8

propylthiouracil

blocks oxidation of iodine in thyroid inhibiting synthesis of thyroid hormone; also works peripherally to inhibit converstion of T4 to T3

9

mebendazole

antihelminthic medication; interferes with microtubule synthesis

10

glyburide

sulfonylurea; closes K+ channel in beta cell membrane resulting in insulin release; can cause hypoglycemia as side effect

11

miglitol

intestinal brush border alpha-glucosidase inhibitor; delays hydrolysis of sugars and absorption of glucose to reduce hyperglycemia postprandially; side effect is osmotic diarrhea as sugar stays in GI tract

12

rosiglitazone

enhances target cell response to insulin by activating peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors; adverse effects are weight gain, edema, hepatotoxicity