Flashcards in DSA Biomolecules Deck (20):
What is breaking down lactose in body if no lactase?
What is a cholesterol ester?
Fatty acid chain on cholesterols OH in ester
What conditions suppress glycolysis?
What about cancers and how we screen for them?
Not supressed with cancers in aerobic, can use glycolisis to screen for cancer.
Two types of Starch? Linkage and branch pattern in both?
Amylose: Alpha 114 unbranched
Amylopectin: Alpha 1-4, Alpha 1-6. Slightly Branched.
The sugar component of DNA is called? What general category is this molecule?
Deoxyribose, a type of deoxyaldose
Sucrose is ____ and found in ____
Disacharide of Glucose and Fructose
Fruits and veggies
Starch is ____ and found in ___?
Polysacharide of glucose
Omega refers to ___?
Linolenic acid is a omega ___ fatty acid?
Linoleic and Arachidonic are omega ___ FAs?
Carbon location of terminal double bond from end of tail
Mannitol, Sorbitol, and xylitol are examples of? They are found in ? What disease are they associated with and how?
Uncontrolled diabetes, cant diffuse out of lense passively so accumulates there (cataracts), also damages peripheral nerves (peripheral neuropathy)
Maltose, lactose, sucrose are?
Glucose, fructose, galactose, ribose are?
Glycolipids and glycoproteins are?
Glycogen, starch, cellulose are ?
Lactose is ____ and is found in ____
Disaccharide of Glucose and Galactose
Isoprenoids are formed from intermediate ____ made by precursor ___?
Common Molecules made from isoprenoids?
Which of these is component of bile?
Isopentenyl Pyrophosphate, Acetyl CoA
Steroids, vitamins, coenzyme Q
How do you dissolve gallstones?
Oral chenodeoxycholic acid
Gallblader stores ____? Non ideal composition of this substance is ____, which can lead to what conditions?
Bile to break down lipids
Too much cholesterol, not enough bile salts
Malabsorption, fat soluble vitamin deficiencies
Dietary fiber comes from
Deficiency enzyme in lactose intolerance?
Lactase (Age dependent)
Gas, belly pain, bloating
Components and bond
Glucose Fructose Alpha 1-2, B-2
Glucose Galactose Beta 1-4
Glucose Glucose Alpha 1-4
Branching Order for Glycogen, Starch and Cellulose?
CSG lower to higher
Amino acids can generate ATP in what cycle?
Amino acids are key components in ___ tissue?