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Flashcards in DSA Biomolecules Deck (20):
1

What is breaking down lactose in body if no lactase?

Bacteria fermentation

2

What is a cholesterol ester?

Fatty acid chain on cholesterols OH in ester

3

What conditions suppress glycolysis?
What about cancers and how we screen for them?

Aerobic conditions
Not supressed with cancers in aerobic, can use glycolisis to screen for cancer.

4

Two types of Starch? Linkage and branch pattern in both?

Amylose: Alpha 114 unbranched
Amylopectin: Alpha 1-4, Alpha 1-6. Slightly Branched.

5

The sugar component of DNA is called? What general category is this molecule?

Deoxyribose, a type of deoxyaldose

6

Sucrose is ____ and found in ____

Disacharide of Glucose and Fructose
Fruits and veggies

7

Starch is ____ and found in ___?

Polysacharide of glucose
Plants

8

Omega refers to ___?
Linolenic acid is a omega ___ fatty acid?
Linoleic and Arachidonic are omega ___ FAs?

Carbon location of terminal double bond from end of tail
Omega 3
Omega 6

9

Mannitol, Sorbitol, and xylitol are examples of? They are found in ? What disease are they associated with and how?

Sugar alcohols
Food additives
Uncontrolled diabetes, cant diffuse out of lense passively so accumulates there (cataracts), also damages peripheral nerves (peripheral neuropathy)

10

Maltose, lactose, sucrose are?
Glucose, fructose, galactose, ribose are?
Glycolipids and glycoproteins are?
Glycogen, starch, cellulose are ?

Disaccharides
Monosaccharides
Oligosacharides
Polysacharides

11

Lactose is ____ and is found in ____

Disaccharide of Glucose and Galactose
Animals

12

Isoprenoids are formed from intermediate ____ made by precursor ___?
Common Molecules made from isoprenoids?
Which of these is component of bile?

Isopentenyl Pyrophosphate, Acetyl CoA
Steroids, vitamins, coenzyme Q
Cholesterol

13

How do you dissolve gallstones?

Oral chenodeoxycholic acid

14

Gallblader stores ____? Non ideal composition of this substance is ____, which can lead to what conditions?

Bile to break down lipids
Too much cholesterol, not enough bile salts
Malabsorption, fat soluble vitamin deficiencies

15

Dietary fiber comes from

Plants

16

Deficiency enzyme in lactose intolerance?
Symptoms?

Lactase (Age dependent)
Gas, belly pain, bloating

17

Components and bond
Sucrose
Lactose
Maltose

Glucose Fructose Alpha 1-2, B-2
Glucose Galactose Beta 1-4
Glucose Glucose Alpha 1-4

18

Branching Order for Glycogen, Starch and Cellulose?

CSG lower to higher

19

Amino acids can generate ATP in what cycle?
Amino acids are key components in ___ tissue?

TCA Cycle
connective

20

2 Regulators of blood glucose?
Ranges of blood glucose
Normal/Fasting?
Fed?
Diabetus fasting?
Diabetes fed?
Amount to make convulsions, coma, brain damage?

Insulin, Glucagon
70-100 mg/dl
100-140
>126
>199
<40