Dyspnea Flashcards Preview

Integrative Week One > Dyspnea > Flashcards

Flashcards in Dyspnea Deck (18):
1

poorly functioning resp mucles

phrenic nerve palsy
ALS
Guillain Barre
myasthenia gravis

2

increased stiffness of lungs or chest wall

pulmonary fibrosis
edema
kyphoscoliosis

3

increased resistance of the airways

COPD
asthma

4

inadequate cardiac output

CHF
pulmonary htn

5

Hypercarbia, ventilatory failure from

increased co2 production
increased dead space ventilation
decreased tidal ventilation

6

o2 delivery depends on

arterial deoxygenation
hemoglobin for oxygen transport
effective circulation

7

widened Alveolar-arterial gradient

V/q mismatch
right to left shunt

8

platypnea

left atrial myoxma
hepatopulmonary syndrome

9

other causes of cytokine release

rheumatologic disease
cancers
DVT/PE
pancreatitis

10

heat stroke

dry skin
high temps

11

consciousness in brain

reticular activating system
bilateral cerebral hemispheres

12

decreased cardiac output/syncope

aortic stenosis
arrythmia
loss of preload

13

Bezold Jarisch reflex

increased/excessive venous pooling
decreased ventricular volume
increase ventricular inotropy

14

orthostatic hypertension

diabetes
parkinson's
pheochromocytoma

15

situational syncope

cough, micturitoin, defecation

16

syncope with exertion

long qt
hcm
valvular dz

17

meds that cause syncope

prolong QT
hypotension
brachycardia

18

lightheadedness

decreased effective circulating volume
obstruction to blood flow/decrease in cardiac output