E2. Treatment of Rumen disorders Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in E2. Treatment of Rumen disorders Deck (10):

What percent of copper sulfate should you give to calves? Lambs? (pharm book pages 319 – 322)

Calves: 5%
lambs: 2%


What can you give to calves to cause closure of the esophageal groove? (3)

– Milk
– copper sulfate
– sodium bicarbonate(10%), sodium chloride, sugar (cattle less than two years of age)


What are the three categories that can be used to treat rumen atony (rumen stasis)?(slide 89DS)

– Cholinergics (bethanechol, neostigmine (give subcutaneously only))
– bitters (Ginger, capsicum(red pepper), methyl salicylate)
– magnesium hydroxide


Name a few ways to treat rumen acidosis.

Sodium bicarbonate IV for systemic acidosis, fluid therapy for dehydration, magnesium hydroxide or magnesium carbonate rumen acidosis, rumenatorics to stimulate rumen motility.


What is used to treat urea poisoning?
A. Sodium bicarbonate
C. Acetic acid
D. Vinegar 5%
E. two of the above

E. Two of the above (C and D)


What is the cause of bovine ketosis?

An imbalance between the intake and energy demand for milk production (negative energy imbalance).
Mobilization of non-esterified fatty acids (NEFAs) from adipose tissue.


What does the fate of NEFA in the liver depend on?

The availability of glucose.


If glucose is unavailable, it causes NEFA to convert into____.

Ketone bodies (acetone, acetoacetate, beta- hydroxybutyrate)


How do you treat (Best option) bovine ketosis?
A. Fructose
B. Sorbitol
C. Glucose orally
D. A or B
E. Glucose 50% IV bolus

E. Glucose 50% IV bolus


Look at slides 98 – 99/2