E2. Treatment of Rumen disorders Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in E2. Treatment of Rumen disorders Deck (10):
1

What percent of copper sulfate should you give to calves? Lambs? (pharm book pages 319 – 322)

Calves: 5%
lambs: 2%

2

What can you give to calves to cause closure of the esophageal groove? (3)

– Milk
– copper sulfate
– sodium bicarbonate(10%), sodium chloride, sugar (cattle less than two years of age)

3

What are the three categories that can be used to treat rumen atony (rumen stasis)?(slide 89DS)

– Cholinergics (bethanechol, neostigmine (give subcutaneously only))
– bitters (Ginger, capsicum(red pepper), methyl salicylate)
– magnesium hydroxide

4

Name a few ways to treat rumen acidosis.

Sodium bicarbonate IV for systemic acidosis, fluid therapy for dehydration, magnesium hydroxide or magnesium carbonate rumen acidosis, rumenatorics to stimulate rumen motility.

5

What is used to treat urea poisoning?
A. Sodium bicarbonate
B. NSAIDs
C. Acetic acid
D. Vinegar 5%
E. two of the above

E. Two of the above (C and D)

6

What is the cause of bovine ketosis?

An imbalance between the intake and energy demand for milk production (negative energy imbalance).
Mobilization of non-esterified fatty acids (NEFAs) from adipose tissue.

7

What does the fate of NEFA in the liver depend on?

The availability of glucose.

8

If glucose is unavailable, it causes NEFA to convert into____.

Ketone bodies (acetone, acetoacetate, beta- hydroxybutyrate)

9

How do you treat (Best option) bovine ketosis?
A. Fructose
B. Sorbitol
C. Glucose orally
D. A or B
E. Glucose 50% IV bolus

E. Glucose 50% IV bolus

10

Look at slides 98 – 99/2

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