Influence of geography on Early Christian design style
Constantinople is between Europe and Asia - design influenced by both
Underground chambers in Rome used by the early Christians as hiding places and for religious worship.
Semicircular motif, resembling a crescent or half-moon.
A series of adjoining arches
supported by pillars or columns
usually forming a part of the
architectural treatment on the
façade of the building.
Originally a Roman hall of justice or commercial
exchange with a large central nave and side
aisles. The plan later formed the basis of the early
Christian church with an apse added at the end of
A facing of fine material over less attractive material.
A method used to connect a dome to a square base via pendentive arches that project upward and inward from a corner.
The triangular concave form that
transmits the weight of a circular
dome over a square to the four corner
supports; originating in Byzantine
In architecture, a
cylindrical block used to form
a column or a cylindrical wall
bearing a dome or cupola.
French architectural term for a running border or strip that is usually decorated with acanthus leaves, fruit, and foliage, used on such surfaces as a panel, frieze, or some other architectural feature.
The crowning member of a column, pilaster, or pier, often tapered, that provides structural support and transition for the thrust of vaults or arches; similar to an impost block.
A plain or decorated masonry block (also called a dosseret) mounted between the capital of a column and the entablature or arch that receives and distributes the weight of an arch.
The design of Christianized Egypt. Highly stylized, flat forms, simple outlines.
A light fixture made of thick metal which hung from chains. Circular cutouts held small glass oil lamps. Common in churches, hung low and close to worshipers.
Panels of carved birds, animals, and bible scenes.