Flashcards in Early Conflict And Background Of Civil War Deck (35):
what was the first conflict and when?
Little Crows war 1862
why did it start, what happened and what was the result?
Sioux nearly starved from civil war shortages. Four of them murdered five settlers for a dare. Little Crow led his warriors in an uprising but hundreds of settlers and about 100 soldiers died. Little Crow was defeated- 38 of them were hung and expelled from what was left of the land.
why where the Cheyenne suffering?
Starving - couldn't find buffalo and infertile land
When was the Sand Creek massacre?
Who was the leader of the army?
How many Indians were killed?
who was the leader of the Cheyenne?
what was the result?
Black Kettle spread information of what happened and the US public demanded and end to war and Cheyenne move to Oklahoma.
What was the Bozeman trail?
Overland route connecting gold rush territory of Montana to the Oregon Trail.
Why did the Bozeman trail upset the Indians?
New settlers made Indians dislike them and caused them to attack and it broke the Fort Laramie treaty of 1851.
What did they do?
Attacked travellers on the trail.
What did the army want to do as a result?
Build forts to protect travellers.
who negotiated with the army?
What was Fetterman's trap?
Sioux ambushed Fetterman and his troops and all 80 of his men were killed.
What did the army do (Fetterman trap)
US army surrendered and abandoned forts. Major defeat.
What was the economy of the south based upon?
What did it need for it's industry?
cheap slave labour
what is a plantation?
an estate where crops are grown.
What was the economy of the north based upon?
When was slavery abolished in the north?
Was north or south more wealthy?
Why did the north have more political power in terms of congress?
Higher population and Washington is in the north
How many representatives did each state have in the senate?
What is a free state?
A state with no slavery
What was the idea of balance in terms of slave and free states?
If the number of slave and free states are balanced in the congress and senate, the situation stays the same.
When and what was the Missouri compromise?
1820 - any new states above the 36th latitude line cannot be a slave state.
Gold was discovered in 1849 leading California to become a free state. The south considered SECESSION. What does this mean?
To leave the union
When was the next compromise?
What was agreed about California, New Mexico and Utah?
They can choose to be free or slave states
Was anyone happy?
Neither were happy
When and what was the Kansas-Nebraska act?
1854, Kansas Nebraska got the vote whether they're a slave or free state.
What does abolitionist mean?
North wants slavery to be over.
What novel did Harriet Beecher Stowe write?
Uncle Tom's cabin 1852
What did uncle Tom's cabin do?
supported abolitionist and raised anti-slavery in the north