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Flashcards in Earth Science Final Deck (74):
1

What is water vapor that cools, sticks to dust and becomes liquid water drops?

Evaporation. Condensation. Precipitation

Condensation

2

What is water that is heated, becomes a vapor and rises into the atmosphere.

Evaporation. Condensation. Precipitation

Evaporation

3

Water evaporates because it __________ energy.

Gains. Loses

Gains

4

The energy source that powers the water cycle is __________.

Solar energy

5

Where does a river start?

Source. Mouth. Tributary

Source

6

The elevation will __________ from the source of a river to its mouth.

Decrease. Increase

Decrease

7

Small rivers have __________ discharge than large rivers.

More. Less

Less

8

More discharge means __________ erosion.

More. Less

More

9

Three ways you can tell the age of a river are

Radiant, meanders and number of Rapids and waterfalls

10

The earth rotates in a __________ direction.

Counterclockwise. Clockwise

Clockwise

11

__________ currents are stream-like movements of water that occur at or near the surface of the ocean.

Underwater. Surface

Surface

12

Ocean water near the equator is __________ and near the poles it is __________.

Warm
Cold

13

What is the main cause of the Coreolis Effect?

Earths rotation

14

What climate is Las Vegas in?

Desert

15

The climate zone near the equator is __________.

Tropical

16

North America is mostly in which climate zone?

Temperate

17

The water in the Gulf Stream is warm because it came from the __________.

Equator

18

What do your call the day to day changes in temperature and precipitation?

Weather. Climate

Weather

19

The long term averages of temperature and precipitation over many years is called

Weather. Climate

Climate

20

Tree rings change __________ and __________ due tomorrow environmental changes.

Size
Color

21

The two major factors that determine climate are

Temperature and precipitation

22

Northern Hemisphere: _________ June __________ December

Summer/ winter

23

Southern Hemisphere: __________ June __________ December

Because _________ causes more direct sunlight in the summer

Summer/ winter

24

The word temperate means

Mild. Moderate. Hot

Mild

25

Evidence of climate changing over time can be seen in

Fossils, tree rings and ice core samples

26

A scientist who studies weather is called a

Climatologist. Meteorologist. Momologist

Meteorologist

27

Amount of moisture in the air

Condensation. Humidity. Evaporation

Humidity

28

The majority of air we breathe (78%) is made up of

Gas. Ice cream. Nitrogen

Nitrogen

29

The measure of the force with which air molecules push on the surface.

Air pressure. Warm front. Transpiration

Air pressure

30

When the shadow of one body in the solar system blocks another

Eclipse

31

A natural satellite that revolves around a planet

Sun. Meteor. Moon

Moon

32

A smaller body that revolves around a larger body

Satellite

33

The main cause of wind is differences in

Air mass. Air pressure.

Air pressure

34

In an area of high pressure, air is __________ and __________.

Warming and rising. Cooling and sinking

Cooling and sinking

35

__________ is when the air becomes saturated with water and falls to the ground as rain,sleet or snow.

Humidity. Runoff. Precipitation

Precipitation

36

Water that travels over the ground

Runoff. Erosion. Rain

Runoff

37

An __________ is a body of air with a certain temperature and moisture level.

Warm front. Air pressure. Air mass

Air mass

38

__________ is water to n a plant that evaporates through a plants pores.

Transpiration. Percolation. Jubilation

Transpiration

39

__________ is when water goes into the ground at the root level.

Transpiration. Percolation. Jubilation

Percolation

40

Dust and smog in the air that water vapor sticks to is called

Water particulates. Solid particulates. Cold particulates

Solid particulates

41

A __________ front is a border that forms between two clashing air masses as they rub together

Mean. Fight. Weather

Weather

42

Earths orbit around the sun is shaped like a(n) __________.

Square. Donut. Ellipse

Ellipse

43

The earth has seasons because the earth is __________

Tilted 23.5 degrees on its axis

44

Liquid turning into gas is

Evaporation. Condensation. Ice

Evaporation

45

__________ is a gas turning into a liquid

Evaporation. Condensation. Ice

Condensation

46

The __________ of the earth on its axis causes day and night

Rotation

47

The _________ of the earth around the sun takes approximately 375 days or 1 year

Revolution

48

What is the force that attracts all objects toward each other called

Gravity

49

How long does it take for the moon to orbit the earth?

1 day. 1 month. 1 year

1 month

50

What are the two factors that determine the force of gravity?

Mass and distance

51

__________ on the moon are preserved because there was is no weathering or erosion.

Rocks. Trees. Craters

Craters

52

As the moons gravity pulls on the earths oceans, a __________ forms directly below the moon.

Low tide. High tide. Big wave

High tide

53

Our sun is a __________ sized star with __________ temperature and brightness

Medium
Average

54

How is the average distance between the sun and the earth measured?

Meters. Miles. Astronomical Unit

Astronomical Unit

55

The 4 planets closest thing the sun that are small, dense and rocky are called

Terrestrial. Gas Giants. Galaxies

Terrestrial

56

The 4 largest planets with no solid surface are called

Terrestrial. Gas Giants. Galaxies

Gas giants

57

All gas giants have some sort of __________ system.

Solar. Phone. Ring

Ring system

58

Galaxies are clusters to of how many stars?

Millions. Billions. Trillions

Billions

59

What is the distance that light travels and in a year?

Light year

60

A group of planets, asteroids,comets and the star they surround

Galaxy. Solar system. Universe

Solar system

61

Our galaxy is in the shape of a __________ and is called the __________.

Spiral
Milky way

62

The unit used to measure the distance between the sun and the next nearest star.

Light year. Astronomical unit. Ruler

Light year

63

What you would use to measure the distance between planets.

Light year. Astronomical unit. Ruler

Astronomical unit

64

Why cant we see the shape of the milky way from earth?

We are within one pf the arms

65

How bright a star appears from earth

Apparent magnitude. Absolute magnitude

Apparent magnitude

66

How bright a star actually is

Apparent magnitude. Absolute magnitude

Absolute magnitude

67

Layers of the atmosphere

Exosphere (furthest away)
Thermosphere
Mesosphere
Stratosphere
Troposphere (closest)

68

Used to measure atmospheric pressure

Barometer. Thermometer. Anemometer

Barometer

69

Used to measure wind speed

Barometer. Thermometer. Anemometer

Anemometer

70

Used to measure temperature

Barometer. Thermometer. Anemometer

Thermometer

71

Used to measure the amount of rainfall

Thermometer. Rain gauge. Bucket

Rain gauge

72

What runs through the Rocky Mountains and separates the drainage basins between the Atlantic Ocean and Pacific Ocean?

Continental divide

73

How do you remember the order of planets?

My Very Eager Mother Just Served Us Nachos

74

What are the planets in order from smallest to largest?

Mercury, venus, earth, mars, jupiter, saturn, uranus, neptune