Easy French Ch 5 -er Verbs with Spelling Changes Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Easy French Ch 5 -er Verbs with Spelling Changes Deck (85)
1

commmencer

to begin

2

lancer

to throw, launch

3

annoncer

to announce

4

avancer

to advance

5

denoncer

to denounce

6

divorcer

to divorce

7

forcer (a)

to force

8

menacer

to threaten

9

percer

to pierce

10

placer

to place

11

prononcer

to pronounce

12

remplacer

to replace

13

tracer

to trace (out)

14

To keep the soft g sound (j), verbs with infinitives ending in -ger introduce a mute e before an -a- or an -o-. In present tense this is in nous form only. What would it be for manger (to eat) and exiger (to demand)?

nous mangeons
nous exigeons

15

manger

to eeat

16

exiger

to demand

17

arranger

to arrange

18

bouger

to move

19

changer

to change

20

corriger

to correct

21

degager

to free, release

22

diriger

to direct

23

echanger

to exchange

24

engager

to hire

25

interroger

to question

26

juger

to judge

27

loger

to live (somewhere); to house

28

melanger

to mix

29

nager

to swim

30

neiger

to snow

31

obliger

to oblige; to force

32

partager

to share

33

songer (a)

to dream; to think of, about

34

voyager

to travel

35

Verbs with a mute e in the syllable before the -er infinitive ending change the mute e to an e with a grave accent in forms that have a mute e in the verb ending (e.g., je, tu, il/elle/on, ils/elles). Conjugate acheter (to buy) in the present tense

j'achete (grave e)
tu achetes (grave e)
ils/ells/ons achete (grave e)
nous achetons (no grave e)
vous achetez (no grave e); ils/elles achetent (grave e)

36

lever

to raise, lift

37

achever (de)

to finish

38

amener

to bring (s.o.)

39

elever (grave e on first e)

to erect; to raise

40

emmener

to lead away

41

enlever

to remove

42

geler

to freeze

43

se lever

to get up; to stand up

44

mener

to lead, guide

45

peser

to weigh

46

promener

to walk (e.g., the dog)

47

se promener

to take a walk, a drive

48

soulever

to lift (up)

49

Verbs with an acute accent on the e in the syllable before the -er infinitive ending change the acute accent to a grave accent in forms where it occurs in the final sounded syllable. Conjugate preferer (to prefer)

je prefere (with grave accent)
tu preferes (with grave accent)
il/elle/ons prefere (with grave accent)
nous preferons (with accute accent)
vous preferez (with accute accent), ils/ells prerent (with grave accent)

50

preferer

to prefer

51

ceder

to yield, give to

52

celebrer

to celebrate

53

completer

to complete

54

considerer

to consider

55

esperer

to hope to

56

exagerer

to exaggerate

57

(s)inquieter

to worry

58

penetrer

to penetrate

59

posseder

to own, possess

60

repeter

to repeat

61

reveler

to show, reveal

62

suggerer

to suggest

63

Present tense forms of verbs with infinitives ending with -eler or -eter double the consonant (l or t) when the conjugated verb ending contains a mute e (all except nous and vous in present tense). Conjugate appeler (to call, to name).

j'appelle
tu appelles
il/elles/on appelle
nous appelons
vous appelez, ils/elles appellent

64

Conjugate jeter (to throw (away))

je jette
tu jettes
il/elle/on jette
nous jetons
vous jetez, ils/elles jettent

65

appeler

to call, to name

66

jeter

to throw (away)

67

s'apeller

to be named, be called (see Ch 12)

68

epeler

to spell

69

projeter

to plan, to project

70

rappeler

to recall; to call again; to remind

71

se rappeler

to remember (see Ch 12)

72

rejeter

to reject, to throw back

73

renouveler

to renew, to renovate

74

Verbs with infinitives ending in -yer change -y- into -i- before a mute e in a conjugated verb ending (all but nous and vous in present tense). Conjugate envoyer (to send)

j'envoie
tu envoies
il/elle/on envoie
nous envoyons
vous envoyez, ils/elles envoient

75

envoyer

to send

76

essayer

to try

77

aboyer

to bark (dog)

78

appuyer (sur)

to lean on; to support; to press on

79

employer

to use

80

ennuyer

to bore, to annoy

81

essuyer

to wipe, to undergo, suffer

82

nettoyer

to clean

83

s'ennuyer

to be/get bored

84

payer

to pay, to pay for

85

To keep the soft s sound, verbs with infinitives ending in -cer change -c- to (c cedilla) when -c- occurs before -a- or -o- as in first person plural present tense. What would first person plural be for commencer?

nous commencons (2nd c is c cedilla)

NOTE: The spelling change in -cer verbs is also found in forms of the imperfect past tense (Ch 14) and the present participle (Ch 12)