Eating Disorders, Substance Abuse, Schizophrenia & Personality Disorders Flashcards Preview

Abnormal Psychology > Eating Disorders, Substance Abuse, Schizophrenia & Personality Disorders > Flashcards

Flashcards in Eating Disorders, Substance Abuse, Schizophrenia & Personality Disorders Deck (185):
1

the hardest population to work with

ppl with eating disorders

2

2 main diagnosis of eating disorders

-anorexia nervosa
-bulimia

3

these 2 diagnosis both have a fear of gaining weight

-anorexia nervosa
-bulimia

4

binge eating is now in the ___

DSM-5

5

this eating disorder has no drive become thin or diet

binge eating

6

diagnosis of binge eating is

1x a week for over 3 months

7

anxiety forces us back to

addictions

8

these ppl eat so much & repeat binges

binge eating

9

this eating disorder has an intense fear of gaining weight

anorexia

10

ppl with this eating disorder refuse to maintain 85% of their normal weight

anorexia

11

losing menstral cycle

amenorrhea

12

ppl with anorexia have ___ like rituals

OCD

13

binge eaters can't maintain normal weight

true

14

anorexia can kill you

true

15

bulimia leads to anorexia

true

16

these ppl force themselves to vomit after meals & abuse laxitives

binge eaters

17

bulimia is aka

binge/purge syndrome

18

you can't tell if a person has this eating disorder

bulimia

19

of the 3 eating disorders, this is the less dangerous

bulimia

20

diagnosis for bulimia is

1-30 binges per week, several yrs of symptoms

21

binges have __ calories at a time

10,000

22

bulimia & anorexia have similarities

true

23

similariites of bulimia & anorexia are

-fears of being obese
- substance abuse
-distorted body perception
-heightened risk of suicide

24

differences btwn bulimia & anorexia are

bulimia: mood swings
teeth probs/ruptured esophagus
poor coping skills

anorexia: relationship is with food & no one else
no fuel to the body, so it shuts down

25

disturbed mother/child interactions, ego deficiencies,no coping/comfort skills, empirical support

Bruch

26

depression sets the stage of an eating disorder

true

27

% of eating disorders with identical/fraternal twins

identical: 70%
fraternal: 20%

28

stimulates eatin

lateral hypothallamus

29

makes us feel full

ventral hypthallamus

30

women with high SES are more at risk of an eating disorder

true

31

men are likely to ____, while women are most likely to____

exercise, diet

32

contributing factors of an eating disorder

-societal pressures
-family environment
-racial/multicultural
-gender
-psychological

33

Treatment for anorexia

- treat malnutrition/ hospital
- regain lost weight( power struggle)
- supportive nutritionist
- family therapy
- core pathology (cog side)
- antidepressants

34

Positive side of treatment

- menstruation starts again
- 90% improvement

35

Negative side of treatment

- recovery isn't always permanent
- disorder is triggered by stress

36

Psych problems of anorexia

- depression
- anxiety
- low self esteem
- indefinite drive of perfectionism

37

Medical probs of anorexia

- slow heart rate
- low blood pressure/ temp
- low bone density

38

Treatment for bulimia

- eliminate binge patterns
- establish good eating habits
- change attitude towards good
- group/family/psychodynamic therapy
- antidepressants

39

Treatment for Binge eating

CBT

40

Any substance that affects bodies/ minds

Drug

41

Pattern of maladaptive behavior/reactions bright about by repeated use of substance

Substance use disorder

42

This can cause changes in behavior, emotion & thought

Substances

43

Chronic, neurobiological genetic disease, psychosocial/ environmental factors that influence it's development/ manifestations

Addiction

44

Diagnosis of addiction has 1 or more of

- loss of control over drug use
- continued use despite harm
- compulsive use/ craving

45

When a person needs to take more of drug to achieve same effect

Tolerance

46

2 weeks, syndrome that often begins within a few hrs of stopping the drug

Withdrawal

47

Anorexia is __% females

90

48

Alcohol has the most dangerous withdrawals

True

49

This is the body's way of getting back to normal

Withdrawal

50

Intense desire to use increased amounts of a particular substance

Abuse

51

These meds slow the activity of the CNS, interfere with motor activity & reduce tension

Depressants

52

This drug affects the brain area which controls judgement/ inhibition, slow reaction times & weak memory, emotions

Alcohol

53

5 drinks and special occasions

Binge drinking

54

Withdrawal of alcohol

- nausea/ vomiting
- delirium
- can be fatal
- serosis of liver
- plays roles in suicides/homicides/rapes

55

Men outnumber women ____ with alcohol

2:1

56

Hypnotic drug

Sedatives

57

Anxiolytics, produce feelings of relaxation, drowsiness, reduce anxiety

Sedatives

58

Pill form, reduce excitement, 1st generation, can halt breathing

Barbiturates

59

Most popular, relieves panic attacks, doesn't cause drowsiness, less likely to slow breathing, 2nd generation

Benzodiazapines

60

the essential feature of abuse is the

pattern of substance use

61

3 most widely used depressants

-alcohol
-sedative/hypnotic drugs
-opiates

62

this depressant is aka as narcotics

opiates

63

opiates are ___ addictive & relieves pain

highly

64

this is the most powerful natural stimulant known

cocaine

65

this is odorless, fluffy powder that produces a euphoric rush of well-being/ confidence

cocaine

66

this is when you heat and inhale with a pipe

free base

67

side effect of cocaine is __ when you stop using

crashing

68

this stimulant appears to increase serotonin and overstimulates dopamine levels

cocaine

69

4 most common stimulants are

-cocaine
-amphetamines
-nicotine
-caffine

70

this stimulant is manufactured in labs, used to increase energy, mostly diet pills

amphetamines

71

most popular amphetamine in the US

meth

72

this produces flashbacks even w/o taking the drug, can have bad trips

hallucinagines

73

ecstasy & LSD are ___ produced

lab

74

hallucinogens aka

psychadelic drugs

75

natural hallucinogens are

-mescaline
-pscyclobin

76

when diff. drugs are in the body at the same time, they can multiply each other's effects

synergistic effect

77

causes of stimulant/hallucinogens

-sociocultural
-psychodynamic
- biological

78

sociocultural reasons for stimulant abuse

ppl develop patterns b/c of stressful environ./ family issues

79

psychodynamic reasons for stimulant abuse

dependency needs, lack of parenting/nurturing, personality

80

biological reasons for stimulant abuse

almost all drugs begin with dopamine, genetic predisposition

81

cognitive-behavioral reasons for stimulant abuse

operant conditioning, rewards/punishments, CBT

82

when they use so much, so often that normal life events don't bring them pleasure, so drugs get that need back for them

reward deficiency syndrome

83

this treatment is medically supervised withdrawal (2 days)

detox

84

drugs that oppose each other & reduce activity of the drug

antagonistic drug

ex: when taking methadone, you can't get high if they used heroine

85

another addictive disorder the DSM-5 added was

gambling

86

state defined by a loss of contact with reality

psychosis

87

religion is strong with this disease

schizophrenia

88

this disease can be brought on by brain injury/ substance abuse

schizophrenia

89

false sensory perceptions

hallucinations

90

1% of the world has this

schizophrenia

91

average age of men & women developed schizophrenia & what % is married?

M: 21, W: 27, 1%

92

this disease appears in all SES

schizophrenia

93

false beliefs, faulty interpretations of reality

delusions

94

2.5 million Americans suffer from this disease

schizophrenia

95

when schizophrenia causes ppl with high SES to fall to lower levels of SES

downward drift theory

96

positive symptoms of schizo is

adding abnormal behavior

97

negative symptoms of schizo is

taking away abnormal behavior

98

bizarre additions to one's behavior

pathological excesses

99

___% of ppl suffer from delusions with schizo

90

100

most common hallucination for schizophrenic ppl is

auditory

101

emotions that are unsuited/inappropriate in a situation

inappropriate affect

102

characteristics lacking in the person with schizo

pathological deficits

103

poverty of speech

alogia

104

lack of pleasure/enjoyment

adhedonia

105

negative symptoms of schizos include

-social withdrawal
- less emotion
-loss of motivation

106

odd gestures (some have magical quality)

psychomotor symptoms

107

extreme form of psychomotor symptom is rigidity, stupor, awkward movements

catatonia

108

beginning of deterioration, mild symptoms, odd behavior

prodromal phase

109

symptoms are apparent, psychotic breaks appear

active phase

110

return to prodromal like events but on meds

residual phase

111

when stress enters a schizo's life, they go back to the ___ phase

active

112

___ patients fully recover & __ continue to have residual problems

1/4, 3/4

113

recovery depends on how the family fxns as a whole and

how well they were doing before

114

too much dopamine brings out the positive symptoms of schizophrenia

dopamine hypothesis

115

Type 1 is more ____ than Type 2

severe

116

diagnosis of schizophrenia is only if signs continue for

6 months+

117

this Type has a later onset in life, better adjustment prior disorder, dominated by + symptoms

Type 1

118

this Type has an irregular brain activity and is dominated by - symptoms

Type 2

119

predisposition, DNA is already mapped out for us

diathesis

120

this perspective looks at later exposure by extreme stress, genetics & those closely related to a person with schizo is more likely to develop it

biological perspective

121

dopamine hypothesis is based on effectivness of

antipsychotic meds

122

from the biological view ppl with schizo have

-abnormal brain structure : ab. blood flows to certain areas in the brain
-viral problems: exposure to virus before birth

123

psychodynamic view of schizo is that ppl regress to

earliest part of development, harsh parents

124

some ppl are not reinforced for attention is the ___ view of schizo

behavioral

125

this view has faulty interpretations/ misunderstandings of symptoms for ppl with schizo

CBT

126

no boundaries, overinvolved, volatile, emotional

expressed emotion

127

ppl trying to recover from schizo are __ more likely to relapse if they have family dysfxn

4x

128

this is a team approach with drs, nurse & therapist based on humanistic approach

mileu

129

behavioral principles, if they did something right, they got rewarded

token economic

130

this helped with improvement of personal care & self- image of the patient

token economic

131

these drugs reduce schizo symptoms ___%

65

132

this is an unwanted side effect of anti-psychotic drug

tardive, sometimes doesn't go away

133

psycho-social approches are

-case management
-CBT
-social skills training
-family/self-help groups

134

these are characterized by rigid patterns/inner turmoil of the person, problems with relationships

personality disorders

135

these are longstanding, maladaptive thoughts that are troublesome to others, harmful, illegal, probs with sense of self

personality disorders

136

these patterns impair a person's social fxning along with interpersonal difficulties

personality disorders

137

DSM 4-TR has 5 criteria for diagnosing

personality disorders (2 of the 5)

138

DSM-5 has a new & ___ approach to personality disorders

categorical (light switch, you either have it or you don't)

139

DSM 4-TR classifies personality disorders in

3 clusters

140

Cluster A is known as

the odd balls

141

Cluster A has these disorders

-paranoid
-schizoid
-schizotypal

142

these ppl are* suspicious*, have mistrust, *distrustful*, believes everyone is out to get them, they are blameless

paranoid

143

these ppl are shy, have withdrawn behavior, prefer to be alone, unaffected by praise/criticism, very dull, don't want desire to form attachments with others

schizoid

144

these ppl have odd thining, hostile,one step from schizophrenia,magical thinking, inappropriate emotions, very few friends

schizotypal

145

treatment for Cluster A includes

-focus on development of trust
- cognitive therapy for negative thinking
(few seek help on their own)

146

Cluster B is known as

Dramatic

147

these ppl are dramatic, attention seekers, = btwn men/women, eccentric, overreact, overdress to impress, demanding, obsesses with how others perceive them

histronic

148

these ppl expect special treatment, can't take criticism, runs high in males,don't break the law, lack of empathy, *exaggerated sense of self*, weak ego, preoccupied with attention, self-promoting

narcissistic

149

these ppl are emotionally unstable,*, impulsive*, runs high in women, fear is abandonment, loves or hates you, very jealous, seductive, feels empty, seeks fulfillment in outside world, cuts, uses world for fulfillment, can't self soothe

borderline

150

these ppl aka sociopaths, violates ppl's rights, no empathy/conscious, intelligent, charming, aggressive, deceitful, lie to ppl for their own gain, repeated behaviors til they get caught, most common in men, *criminal acts*

anti-social

151

she has disregulation of emotional stability, in pain, splits

borderline

152

this theory states parents aren't paying attention to child's feelings/needs, emotional outbursts are what parents pay attention to and that's the way they grow up

Linehan's diathesis stress theory

153

this theory teaches self-regulation, self-acceptance, & learning to be alone through CBT & social skills training

Linehan's diathesis stress theory

154

Cluster B includes

-anti-social
-borderline
-histrionic
-narcissistic

155

with this disorder, for diagnosis, there needs to be 3 behavioral probs before 15

anit-social

156

treatments for psychopaths

-CBT
-very difficult
-can't work with them psychodynamically b/c they're too superficial & have no conscious

157

Cluster C is known as

anxious/fearful

158

this Cluster has alot of research and the most successful of the 3

Cluster C

159

these ppl are excessively sensitive to potential rejection, desires acceptance but is socially w/drawn, overwhelmed with feelings of inadequacy, timid, depressed, lonely, fear close relationships, 1-2% of population

avoidant

160

these ppl lack in self-confidence, allows others to make decisions for them, clingy, obedient, fears separation and can't make small decisions for themselves, overly sensitive,pleases everyone but themselves, suicidal, depression, eating disorders

dependent

161

watered down version of OCD, perfectionist, has rules, schedules, details, they work and have families, have high standards of themselves and others, concerned for doing things right, difficulty in having fun

obsessive compulsive personality disorder

162

treatment for Cluster C

- CBT

163

causal factors of personality disorders

-genetic factors
-adverse environ, factors
-transitions

164

ppl with this eating disorder are preoccupied with food

anorexia

165

ppl with this eating disorder often have strict rules about their food, have OCD tendencies

anorexia

166

aka binge purge syndrom

bulimia

167

ppl with this eating disorder use laxatives, fasting, exercising excessively, vomit

bulimia

168

ppl with this eating disorder have frequent binges but they're not extreme

binge eating

169

2/3 of ppl with this eating disorder become overweight

binge eating

170

2-7% of population display this eating disorder

binge eating

171

a family system in which members are over-involved with each other's affairs and over concerned about each other's welfare

enmeshed family pattern

172

over __ ppl display substance abuse disorder

22 million

173

this culture shows the highest display of substance abuse

native am indians

174

whites, blacks and hispanics are _% with substance abuse

10%

175

this reduces inhibitions and can interfere with a person's judgment, motor activity & concentration

depressants

176

# of ppl who consume alcohol worldwide

2 billion

177

this carries an inhibitory message

GABA

178

this carries excitatory message

glutamate

179

this disorder isn't listed in the DSM-5

internet use gaming disorder

180

made up words schizos use

neologisms

181

conflicting feelings about almost everything

ambivalence

182

these disorders are aka schizo-spectrum disorders

cluster A

183

ppl with this disorder are unable to pick up on emotional ques and their thoughts tend to be vague/empty

schizoid

184

treatment for borderline personality is

psychotherapy and drug therapy

185

ppl with this disorder are always on stage & lack a sense of who they really are

histronic