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Flashcards in echo class - Sheet1 Deck (62)
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1

heart WALL

endo,myo, serouis pericardium --epicardium visceral===pericardial space___epicardium parietal

2

outer layer of the pericardium

fibrous pericardium

3

inner layer of pericardium

serous pericardium==parietal layer___pericardial cavity==visceral layer(epicardium)

4

myocardium is made of what?

striated, smooth muscle

5

right and left atrium are what kind of chambers?

filling chambers

6

The RV is the most _______ chamber

anterior

7

heart is encased in what?

pericardium

8

at the center of the IAS os what?

fossa ovalis

9

r and l ventricles are what kind of chambers?

pumping chambers

10

The aortic valve lies _____ and to the ____ of the pulmonic valve

poterior, to the right

11

The tricuspid valve lies more ______ than the mitral valve

inferior

12

The RV is more _____ than the LV

anterior

13

The RA is more _____ than the LA

anterior

14

The LA is _____ to the descending aorta

anterior

15

PA is _______ and to the _____ of the aorta

anterior, to the left

16

Aorta is _____ and to the ______ of the PA

posterior, to the right

17

RPA sits _____ to the ascending aorta and _____ to the descending Aorta

posterior, anterior

18

what kind of tissue makes up the leaflets?

valvular tissue

19

the____is a tough,fiberous ring that surrounds the superior edge of the valvular leaflets and anchors them between the atria and ventricle

annulus fibrosus

20

the semilunar valves are three pocket like cusp that are surrounded by an______

annulus

21

The papillary muscles consist of a _______ and ______ wall.

posteromedial, anteriolateral

22

the RA fills more during inspiration or expiration??

inspiration because the pressure is lower in the RA is below the pressure in the veins and flow always travel from high pressure to low pressure

23

an embryotic remnant that surves no purposeand is considered to be a normal finding. a web like structure within the Right atrium

chiari network

24

opening at the coronary sinus

thesbian valve

25

opening at the IVC

Eustacian Valve

26

muscular ridge running anterior from the SVC to the IVC

Christae Terminales

27

The atria contain muscular projections called______

pectinate muscles

28

the _____ has the lowest O2 sat in the body

coronary sinus

29

the ____ travels along the left anterior descending artery and collects blood from the anterior myocardium.

great cardiac vein(coronary vein)

30

the ______ is the most anterior chamber of the heart

Right Ventricle