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Flashcards in Ecosystems Vocabulary Deck (16)
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1

Ecology

the branch of biology that deals with the relations of organisms to one another and to their physical surroundings.

2

Ecologist

an expert in or student of ecology.

3

Habitat

the natural home or environment of an animal, plant, or other organism.

4

Adaptation

a change in an organism that makes it suited to a particular environment.

5

Ecosystem

a place on earth where living things interact with other living and non-living things.

6

Symbiosis

the relationship between species where at least one species benefits.

7

Mutualism

the relationship where both species benefit.

8

Parasitism

the relationship where one species benefits and the other species is harmed.

9

Host

an animal or plant on or in which a parasite or commensal organism lives.

10

Commensalism

the relationship where one species benefits, and the other species neither benefits nor is harmed

11

Natural Resources

materials or substances such as minerals, forests, water, and fertile land that occur in nature and can be used for economic gain.

12

Sustainability

can be maintained or continued; capable of being used indefinitely, often referring to the use of resources

13

Ecological Footprint

a measurement of the amount of materials and energy each person uses every day

14

Reduce

make smaller or less in amount

15

Reuse

use again or more than once

16

Recycle

convert (waste) into reusable material