ED 354/357 Midterm Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in ED 354/357 Midterm Deck (31):

Annual Review

Yearly process of convening a team that includes a parent, teacher, administrator and others as needed to review and update a students IEP.



A style of interaction professionals use to accomplish shared goals, shared responsibility, shared accountability, and shared problem-solving



Specialized problem-solving process in which one professional with particular expertise assists another professional or parent who needs the benefit of that expertise; use as an instructional approach for some students with disabilities.



Instructional approach in which two or more teachers or other certified staff share instruction for a particular group of students within a single classroom setting.

1. One teach, one observe
2. Station teaching
3. Parallel teaching
4. Alternative teacher
5. Teaming
6. One teach, one assist


Cross Categorical Approach

Instructional approach in which the cognitive, learning, affective, and social and emotional needs of students, not their disability labels, form the basis for planning and instruction.


Differentiated Instruction

A form of instruction that meets the students diverse needs by providing materials and tasks of varied levels of difficulty, with varying degrees of support, thru multiple instruction groups and time variations.


Direct Instruction

Research based instruction approach in which the teacher
1. presents subject matter using a review of previously taught information
2. presentation of new concepts and skills
3. guided practice
4. feedback and correction
5. independent student practice
6. frequent review


Due Process

Procedures outlined in IDEA for ensuring that parents and children's rights are protected and for resolving conflicts between parents and school district personnel concerning any aspect of special education.


Functional Curriculum

Instructional approach in which goals and objectives are based on real-life skills needs for adulthood.

Examples: shopping and making purchases; reading common signs like stop, exit and sale; riding public transportation; interacting with peers and adults.


Highly Qualified Teacher

Term from both NCLB and IDEA and defined by each state; specifies that a teacher has met rigorous requirements documenting qualifications to teach in specific academic area or special education.


Inclusion (inclusion practices)

Students with disabilities should be integrated into the general classroom whether they can or cannot meet the curriculum of those classrooms.


Individualized Family Service Plan (IFSP)

Education plan for children receiving services thru PL 99-457; much like IEP


Individualized Education Plan (IEP)

Document prepared by the multidisciplinary team or annual review team that s
Specifies a students
1. Level of functioning and needs
2. Instructional goals and objectives
3. How goals and objectives will be evaluated
4. Nature and extent to which special education and/or services will be received
5. Initiation date and duration of the services


Individuals with Disabilities Act (IDEA)

Federal education law that updates the 1975 Education for All Handicapped Children Act

Ensures students with disabilities receive special education and related services thru prescribed policies and procedures

Handicapped(things society puts in your way) replaced with the word disability(something your born with)


Instructional Methods

The ways in which teachers present content or skills to students and evaluate whether learning has occurred.


Intervention Assistance Team

Group of professionals that analyzes strengths and weaknesses to identify strategies to address problem. If not successful, the student will be referred for further evaluation and determine eligibility for special education.


Least Restrictive Environment

The setting as similar as possible for students without disabilities in which a student with a disability can be educated with appropriate support.


Multidisciplinary Team

Teachers, specialists, administrators and parents who assess a students individual needs, determine eligibility for special education and develop IEP.



Noncertified staff member employed to assist certified staff in carrying out education program and otherwise help in instruction of students with disabilities


Present Level of Performance

Information about a students current level of academic achievement, social skills, behavior, communication skills, and other areas that is included on an IEP.


Response to Intervention

Approach for identifying learning disability based on whether student learning process improves or doesn't improve after student receives intense, research-based interventions.


Section 504 of the Vocational Rehabilitation Act of 1973

Prohibits discrimination against all individuals with disabilities in programs that receive federal funds.



Providing meaningful opportunities for students with disabilities to express their needs and goals so that their wishes guide decision making.


Handicapped vs Disability

Handicapped = things society puts in your way

Disability = something you are born with


Station teaching

One group one teacher
One independent
One group one teacher


Parallel teaching

Half one teacher
Half one teacher


Alternative teacher

One teacher most of group
One teacher small group



Naturally teaching together


Components of IEP

1. Present level of performance
2. Annual goals and short term objectives
3. Extent of participating in general education
4. Services and modifications needed
5. Behavior intervention plan
6. Date of initiation and frequency and duration of service and anticipated modifications
7. Strategies for evaluation
8. Transition plan


Phases of monitoring for IEP

Annual review and three year reevaluation


IEP process

1. Screening (eyes, ears)
2. Diagnosis (eligibility)
3. Program placement (lri)
4. Curriculum placement
5. Instructional evaluation (annual yearly progress)
6. Program evaluation (annual and three year reevaluation)