Flashcards in Edith Hamilton Study Questions Deck (168):
Who was the king of the Titans who was overthrown by Zeus?
What was Cronusʼ Latin name?
After he was overthrown, what became of Cronus?
He fled to Italy
What is the reign of Saturn in Italy called?
The Golden Age
What was the name of the Titan that encircled the earth?
Who was the wife of Oceanus?
What Titan was the father of the sun, moon, and dawn?
Which Titan who presided over memory is, in some versions of the story, the mother of Athena?
What Titan presided over justice?
What Titan was the father of Prometheus, Epimetheus,and Atlas?
Which child of Iapetus stole fire for mankind?
Which child of Iapetus had Pandora for a wife?
Which child of Iapetus was condemned to hold up the heavens on his shoulders?
On what mountain did the gods live?
Name the twelve Olympians in Greek.
Zeus, Hera, Hestia, Poseidon, Hades, Ares, Athena, Apollo, Artemis, Aphrodite, Hermes, Hephaestus.
Name the twelve Olympians in Latin.
Jupiter, Neptune, Pluto, Juno, Vesta, Minerva, Diana, Apollo, Mars, Venus, Vulcan, Mercury.
Which of Zeusʼs sisters is not one of the twelve Olympians?
What god of wine is not one of the twelve Olympians?
What was the aegis?
the breastplate of Zeus (often worn by Athena) on which she placed the Gorgonʼs head
Which god is sometimes called “Dis”?
What does “Dis” mean?
Although Apollo is often listed as god of the sun, what child of the Titan Hyperion is more accurately the sun god?
Who was the goddess of witchcraft and the dark side of the moon?
Aphrodite is usually listed as the wife of Hephaestus. When she is not, which of the Graces is his wife?
Name the three Graces and the meaning for each name.
Aglaia (Splendor), Thalia (Good Cheer) and Euphrosyne (Mirth).
Name the 9 Muses and their fields.
Melpomene - tragedy, Thalia - comedy,Polyhymnia - songs to the gods, Terpsichore - dance, Clio - history, Urania - astronomy, Erato - love poetry, Calliope - epic poetry, and Euterpe - lyric poetry.
Name the 4 mountains of the Muses.
Helicon, Pierus, Olympus and Parnassus.
What god presided over underground rivers?
What sea godʼs name means “Deep Sea”?
What sea god was known as the “Old Man of the Sea”?
What were the 50 daughters of Nereus and Doris called?
What kind of nymphs are nereids?
What kind of nymphs are Oceanids?
Nymphs of the river Ocean
What kind of nymphs were dryads (hamadryads)?
What kind of nymphs were naiads?
fresh water nymphs (springs and grottos)
What kind of nymphs were oreads?
What kind of nymphs were the Melias?
ash tree nymphs
Name the 5 rivers of the underworld.
Acheron - river of woe, Cocytus - river of lamentation, Styx - river of unbreakable oaths, Phlegethon - river of fire, and Lethe - river of forgetfulness.
Name the ferryman who carries souls across the river Styx
Name the three judges of the Underworld.
Minos, Rhadamanthus, and Aeacus.
Who were the godesses in the Underworld who punished unnatural crimes?
What is another name for the Furies?
What does “Erinyes” mean?
Name the 3 Furies.
Tisiphone, Allecto, and Megaera
There are two gates in the Underworld. Name them.
the gate of ivory and the gate of horn.
What comes out of the gate of ivory?
What comes out of the gate of horn?
Castor and Pollux also became gods. Whom did they protect?
What deities were known as the Dioscuri and the Tyndaridae?
Castor and Pollux
What is the Greek form of Polluxʼs name?
Dioscuri and Tyndaridae are patronymics, that is, they are words that name someoneʼs father. When Castor and Polydeuces are called the Dioscuri, who is the father named?
When Castor and Polydeuces are called the Tyndaridae, who is the father named?
What were the Sileni?
creatures part man, part horse, that walked on two legs, had horses hooves and tails and sometimes horsesʼ ears.
What is a satyr?
half man, half goat
Who was the King of the Winds?
Name the four major winds in Greek and Latin.
Zephyr or Favonius - West Wind; Notus or Auster - South Wind; Boreas or Aquilo - North Wind; Eurus - East Wind (Greek name is given first in this answer, followed by Latin. Eurus is the same in both)
What were centaurs?
creatures half man, half horse.
Name the three gorgons.
Stheno, Euryale, and Medusa
Which of the gorgons was mortal?
Who killed Medusa?
Who were the sisters of the gorgons who shared one eye and one tooth between them?
Who/what were the Sirens?
creatures with beautiful voices who lured sailors to their death
Name the 3 fates and the job of each.
Clotho - spun thread of human lifeLachesis - twisted and measured the threadAtropos - cut the thread of human life
Besides Bacchus, what Latin name was given to Dionysus?
Who was the Roman god of boundaries?
Which Roman god was considered a strengthener of cattle?
Which Roman god was the helper of plowmen and woodcutters?
Of what was Saturn the god?
Sowers and Seed
Who was the wife of Saturn and the “harvest helper”?
What is Opsʼ name in Greek?
Who was Quirinus?
the deified Romulus
What were the Manes?
the spirits of the good dead in Hades
What were the Lemures?
spirits of the wicked dead
What nymphs of springs were the Roman equivalent to the Muses?
Who was the Roman goddess of childbirth?
Who was the mother of Persephone?
Who kidnapped Persephone to make her his wife?
What young child did Demeter attempt to make immortal by annointing him with ambrosia and placing him in a hot fire?
Who was Demophonʼs mother who snatched him from the flames?
Who was the husband of Metaneira and the father of Demophon?
For how many months does Persephone remain in the Underworld?
Who were the parents of Dionysus?
Zeus and Semele
When offered any gift she named, what did Semele ask of Zeus?
To see him as lord of the sky
How was Dionysus saved from his burning mother?
Zeus sewed him up in his thigh
What nymphs cared for the infant Dionysus?
the Hyades or the nymphs of Nysa
Into what did Dionysus change the pirates who tried to capture him?
What were the followers of Bacchus called?
Maenads or Bacchantes
What king of Thebes was torn apart by his own mother when she was infected with the madness of Dionysus?
What Theban princess killed her son under the influence of Dionysus?
What three deities were worshipped at Eleusis?
Demeter, Persephone, and Dionysus
Who were the two children of Chaos?
Erebus and Night
Who was the child of Erebus and Night?
What two creatures arose from Love?
Light and Day
Who was Father Heaven?
Who was Mother Earth?
What monsters, the children of Uranus and Gaea, were giants with only one eye in the middle of their foreheads?
How many Cyclopes were there origially?
What does “Cyclops” mean?
What were the hecatoncheires?
giants with a hundred hands and 50 heads, children of Uranus and Gaea
Who were the parents of the Titans?
Uranus and Gaea
Which of his children did Uranus bury in the earth?
What Titan avenged the hecatoncheires by castrating his father?
What monsters sprang from the blood of the wounded Uranus?
the Giants and the Furies
Who was the youngest child of Cronus and Rhea?
To what island did Rhea smuggle Zeus to prevent his being swallowed by his father?
What monsters, released from their prison by Zeus, helped Zeus defeat the Titans?
What Titan was condemned to hold up the heavens on his shoulders?
What monster was the last created by Gaea?
What hero helped the gods when the Giants later rebelled against the Olympians?
What sea was called both the Axine and the Euxine Sea by the Greeks?
the Black Sea
What does Axine mean?
What does Euxine mean?
What does Prometheus mean?
What does Epimetheus mean?
Which Titan created man?
Epimetheus (Prometheus finished the job)
Which Titan gave fire to mankind?
What are the five ages of man?
The golden age, silver age, bronze age, age of heroes, iron age
Who was the first woman in Greek mythology?
What does Pandora mean?
“gift of all”
For what crimes was Prometheus chained to the Caucasus?
for refusing to reveal to Zeus the name of the mother of the child that would dethrone him and for stealing fire.
What bird ate at Prometheusʼ liver each day?
Who killed the eagle and set Prometheus free?
When the human race was destroyed by the Great Flood, who were the only two humans to survive?
Deucalion and Pyrrha
Who was the father of Deucalion?
Who were the parents of Pyrrha?
Epimetheus and Pandora
How were Deucalion and Pyrrha instructed to restore the human race?
To throw their motherʼs bones behind their backs. The bones were the stones and they were changed into men and women.
Who predicted to Prometheus that he would be released from his chains by one of ther descendants?
Into what had Zeus changed Io?
a cow or heifer
To whom had Hera given Io for save-keeping?
What was unusual about Argus?
He had 100 eyes and never closed all of them at once.
Who killed Argus and took Io?
What story did Hermes tell Argus to lull him to sleep?
The love story of Pan and Syrinx
Into what was Syrinx changed?
What creature sent by Hera drove Io mad?
What sea is named after Io?
What body of water is named for the fact that Io crossed it?
What does Bosphorus mean?
Jacksonvilleʼ s original name was Cow Ford. What would that be in Greek?
Io was returned to human form when she reached what body of water?
Who changed Io back into a human?
Who was the son of Io and Zeus?
Whom did Zeus seduce in the guise of a bull?
Europa was a princess of what city?
Where did Zeus take Europa (a land, not a continent)?
Who were Europaʼs sons by Zeus who became judges of the dead?
Minos and Rhadamanthys
Which monsters did Zeus not banish from the earth after he conquered them?
What Greek hero, returning from the Trojan War, encountered a Cyclops?
What was the name of the Cyclops encountered by Odysseus?
How did Odysseus and his men escape from Polyphemus?
they blinded him and then tied themselves to the undersides of his sheep. The sheep carried them from the cave.
What did Odysseus originally tell Polyphemus his name was?
What gift had Polyphemus promised Odysseus?
to eat him last
With what nymph did Polyphemus fall in love?
What youth did Galatea prefer to Polyphemus?
Who killed Acis?
Into what was Acis changed?
a river god
What goddess punished Echo by taking away her voice?
Why was Juno angry with Echo?
Because Echoʼs chattering kept her from noticing the affairs of Jupiter
With what youth did Echo fall in love?
With whom did Narcissus fall in love?
Into what flower was Narcissus changed?
What god accidentally killed the youth Hyacinthus?
What game were Apollo and Hyacinthus playing when Hyacinthus was killed?
Into what flower was Hyacinthus changed?
In another version of the story, a jealous wind god kills Hyacinthus. Which one?
Which two goddesses loved Adonis?
Aphrodite and Persephone
What youth spent half a year in the underworld with Persephone and half a year with Aphrodite?
How did Adonis die?
He was gored by a boar