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Flashcards in Education Deck (135)
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1

What is a consensus theory?

Believes the education system benefits society

2

What is a conflict theory?

Believes the education system reproduces inequalities

3

What do consensus theories believe are the two main functions of education?

Secondary socialisation - providing skills needed to work
Meritocracy - everyone has the same opportunities to succeed

4

Emile Durkheim

Believes that the education system is an important part of socialisation which helps people to follow social rules
Also believes in social solidarity which is ensuring people value society

5

Social solidarity

What Durkheim came up with, making sure people value society

6

Talcott Parsons

School acts as a bridge between home and society. At home children get treated as individuals (particularistic standards) at school children get treated the same through a meritocratic system (universalistic standards)

7

Particularistic standards

Treated everyone individually
Parsons

8

Universalistic standards

Treated everyone through a meritocratic system
Parsons

9

Why are functionalists positive about the role of education?

They believe education responds to the needs to the economy by preparing enough workers for what the economy needs

10

Meritocracy

If you work hard you get rewarded
Parsons

11

Davis and Moore

Believe in role allocation - education prepares you for future roles

12

Role allocation

Davis and Moore
Education prepares you for future roles

13

What are the two main views of education?

Conflict and consensus theories

14

What do the new right believe?

Education should be run like businesses and parents should have choice of where to send their children
Education is a good thing as it offers opportunities for everyone

15

Chubb and Moe

Believes that marketisation is beneficial to the education system as it helps to improve standards and efficiency

16

Marketisation

Introduction of market forces into education

17

Criticism of functionalism

They ignore the inequalities that occur within education

18

Criticism of the new right

Don't acknowledge that when choice is introduced, some students can't take advantage of it as they can't afford to go to a school far away etc

19

What do Marxists believe?

Education socialises children into their class position
They believe education supports capitalism by making sure w/c students are prepared for labour whereas m/c students are prepared for higher paid jobs
They think meritocracy is a myth to make education seem fair

20

Why do Marxists think meritocracy is a myth?

They believe it is invented to make education seem like it is fair

21

Boudieu

Believes middle class have cultural capital which puts them at an advantage

22

Cultural capital

Set of ideas, tasks, interests and behaviours which results in rewards later in life

23

Althusser

Believes in ideological state apparatus which is when education subconsciously reinforces class ideas and middle class students persuade working class students to accept capitalism

24

Bowles and Gintis

Believe in the hidden curriculum and the correspondence theory

25

Hidden curriculum

Everything that isn't formally taught

26

Correspondence theory

Link between work and education

27

What do feminists believe?

We live in a patriarchal ideology so girls have bad jobs and lower economic positions in society
Girls used to be ignored
Feminists focus on gendered subject images

28

Patriarchal ideology

The idea that society is male dominated

29

Gendered subject images

When girls have the choice they choose traditional feminine subjects. These are to do which socialisation and they believe they have to go into the carer role

30

Criticism of Marxism

Some people believe the education is meritocratic and offers opportunities for everyone, people have he opportunity for the process known as social mobility