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Flashcards in Education Deck (35):
1

Give the 3 Functionalist theorists for Education?

Durkheim, Parsons, Davis and Moore

2

What are the 3 functions of education that functionalists said help society ?

Secondary socialisation, sorts people into appropriate jobs, teaches skills needed in work

3

What did Durkheim say education helps to transmit?

Norms and values to help integrate students into society

4

What does Durkheim believe education helps to achieve?

A strong degree of social solidarity

5

Give 2 points about Parsons ideas on education?

Bridges the gap between home and wider society

It’s meritocratic as the best students take the best jobs

6

What did David and Moore believe?

Education makes society meritocratic by linking people with appropriate jobs

7

So what does the Functionalist perspective say about education?

It’s Meritocratic

8

Give 2 strengths of the Functionalist theory to education?

Acknowledges the key role of education in secondary socialisation, recognises the importance of a structured workforce in the economy

9

Give 2 criticisms of the Functionalist view of Education?

Marxists argue there is little equality of opportunity and it only serves pupils in the desired class position

Different values are taught to different groups

10

What is the Marxist view of education?

How the values and ideology of the ruling class are transmitted through schools to each generation

11

Give the 3 Marxist theorists on education?

Bowles and Gintis, Althusser and Gramsci

12

Give 2 points about Bowles and Gintis?

Education serves to reproduce the existing unequal social structure

The hidden curriculum rewards those who obey and conform, not those who show a stubborn independence

13

What did Althusser believe?

Schools form part of the ideological state apparatus brainwashing people with ruling class ideology so they accept capitalism

14

What did Gramsci believe?

Education is used for the maintenance of an unfair system by providing ideological support for it

15

Give 2 weaknesses of the Marxist view of education?

Most people are actually aware of the inequality, assumes people are passive and exaggerates how students are socialised into obedience

16

Give 3 disadvantages of the Hidden Curriculum?

Powerlessness:
Students rarely have any say in the decisions at school

Inequality:
Those who are cleverer are awarded with higher status

Gender:
Gender roles are cultivated in schools

17

Give 2 strengths of the Marxist view of education?

Identifies the existence of social structure, supports the idea that school does prepare for work

18

What does the New Right believe education should provide?

Individual choice

19

What do Feminists think about the education system? Why?

It’s patriarchal

Gender differences in subject choices

20

Give 2 external and 3 internal factors that affect educational attainment?

Cultural and material Capital and deprivation

Labelling, hidden curriculum and streaming

21

What can labelling create?

A self fulfilling prophecy

22

Give one problem with streaming?

Students are likely to be better at some subjects than others and so the bottom stream aren’t challenged enough

23

Which sociologist found teachers assessed pupils in terms of an ideal type?

Becker

24

What did Lacey find?

That those placed in low streams have undermined self worth

25

Give the 2 interactionist sociologists?

Ball and Becker

26

Give 2 types of subcultures that can be formed?

Anti and pro

27

Give one reason for subcultures?

Working class students trying to gain respect

28

Give the 3 factors that affect educational achievement?

Social class, gender and ethnic minorities

29

What did Halsey say was the most important factor as to why working class students don’t stay on at school?

The lack of financial support

30

Why might material and cultural deprivation not explain differences in educational attainment?

Generalises a lot about differences in classes

31

Which ethnic minority are the best at GCSEs?

Chinese

32

Who does the worst at GCSE?

Black pupils

33

Give one reason why ethnic minorities fail in exams?

Language barrier

34

Give 2 reasons why girls are more likely to do better? And a sociologist?

Mitos and Browne -
Teaching has been feminised
The National curriculum forced girls to do traditionally male subjects

35

Give 2 policies for women in the classroom?

Equal pay act and the Sex discrimination act