Flashcards in Education Deck (35):
Give the 3 Functionalist theorists for Education?
Durkheim, Parsons, Davis and Moore
What are the 3 functions of education that functionalists said help society ?
Secondary socialisation, sorts people into appropriate jobs, teaches skills needed in work
What did Durkheim say education helps to transmit?
Norms and values to help integrate students into society
What does Durkheim believe education helps to achieve?
A strong degree of social solidarity
Give 2 points about Parsons ideas on education?
Bridges the gap between home and wider society
It’s meritocratic as the best students take the best jobs
What did David and Moore believe?
Education makes society meritocratic by linking people with appropriate jobs
So what does the Functionalist perspective say about education?
Give 2 strengths of the Functionalist theory to education?
Acknowledges the key role of education in secondary socialisation, recognises the importance of a structured workforce in the economy
Give 2 criticisms of the Functionalist view of Education?
Marxists argue there is little equality of opportunity and it only serves pupils in the desired class position
Different values are taught to different groups
What is the Marxist view of education?
How the values and ideology of the ruling class are transmitted through schools to each generation
Give the 3 Marxist theorists on education?
Bowles and Gintis, Althusser and Gramsci
Give 2 points about Bowles and Gintis?
Education serves to reproduce the existing unequal social structure
The hidden curriculum rewards those who obey and conform, not those who show a stubborn independence
What did Althusser believe?
Schools form part of the ideological state apparatus brainwashing people with ruling class ideology so they accept capitalism
What did Gramsci believe?
Education is used for the maintenance of an unfair system by providing ideological support for it
Give 2 weaknesses of the Marxist view of education?
Most people are actually aware of the inequality, assumes people are passive and exaggerates how students are socialised into obedience
Give 3 disadvantages of the Hidden Curriculum?
Students rarely have any say in the decisions at school
Those who are cleverer are awarded with higher status
Gender roles are cultivated in schools
Give 2 strengths of the Marxist view of education?
Identifies the existence of social structure, supports the idea that school does prepare for work
What does the New Right believe education should provide?
What do Feminists think about the education system? Why?
Gender differences in subject choices
Give 2 external and 3 internal factors that affect educational attainment?
Cultural and material Capital and deprivation
Labelling, hidden curriculum and streaming
What can labelling create?
A self fulfilling prophecy
Give one problem with streaming?
Students are likely to be better at some subjects than others and so the bottom stream aren’t challenged enough
Which sociologist found teachers assessed pupils in terms of an ideal type?
What did Lacey find?
That those placed in low streams have undermined self worth
Give the 2 interactionist sociologists?
Ball and Becker
Give 2 types of subcultures that can be formed?
Anti and pro
Give one reason for subcultures?
Working class students trying to gain respect
Give the 3 factors that affect educational achievement?
Social class, gender and ethnic minorities
What did Halsey say was the most important factor as to why working class students don’t stay on at school?
The lack of financial support
Why might material and cultural deprivation not explain differences in educational attainment?
Generalises a lot about differences in classes
Which ethnic minority are the best at GCSEs?
Who does the worst at GCSE?
Give one reason why ethnic minorities fail in exams?
Give 2 reasons why girls are more likely to do better? And a sociologist?
Mitos and Browne -
Teaching has been feminised
The National curriculum forced girls to do traditionally male subjects