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Flashcards in EENT Deck (142)
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1

ability to fixate starts when

6 weeks

2

color perception develops when

2 months

3

binocular vision with convergence ability starts when

3 months

4

preference for patterns/faces starts when

4 months

5

visual acuity of newborn

20/200

6

optokinetic nystagmus

ability to see a moving target, follow it, and return to original gaze. develops in first few months of life

7

pendular nystagmus is a sign of

multiple sclerosis or spinocerebellar disease

8

spasmus nutans

benign transient disorder with pendular nystagmus, intermittent head tilt and nodding/head bobbing

9

loss of visual acuity due to active cortical suppression of the vision of one eye

ambylopia

10

inward turning of eye

esotropia (form of strabismus)

11

outward turning of eye

exotropia (form of strabismus)

12

hyperopia

mild far sightedness (normal in 3 yr old)

13

Hirschberg test

corneal light reflex

14

deviation of alignment of one eye in relation to the other that worsens when focusing

strabismus

15

untreated strabismus results in ___ by age ___

ambylopia by 6 years

16

cover test

eye with strabismus deviates instead of fixating on object

17

accommodative esotropia on cover test

uncovered eye moves outwards

18

accusative exotropia on cover test

uncovered eye moves inward

19

storage weber at increased risk for

glaucoma

20

presentation of congenital glaucoma

tearing, photophobia, blepharospasm, corneal clouding, edema, progressive enlargement of the eye

21

important associations with cataracts

CMV, rubella and galactosemia

22

external hordeolum aka

stye

23

external hordeolum treatment

warm compresses and topical antibiotics, possible I&D but never oral abx

24

lipogranuloma within the eyelid

chalazion

25

cause of chalazion

chronic inflammation due to retention of secretions, usually painless, not an infection

26

chalazion vs stye

chalazion is painless and not an infection, requires surgical excision

27

nasolacrimal duct obstruction treatment

massage BID/TID. topical antibiotic if infected. ophthalmology if still there at 1 year

28

chlamydial conjunctivitis must have

bilateral eye discharge

29

most common cause of orbital cellulitis

staph aureus

30

buzzwords for orbital cellulitis rather than preseptal

compromised vision, proptosis, decreased extra ocular movements, pain exacerbated by eye movement