Effects of Anesthetic Drugs Flashcards Preview

Veterinary Anesthesia > Effects of Anesthetic Drugs > Flashcards

Flashcards in Effects of Anesthetic Drugs Deck (27)
Loading flashcards...
1

Bradycardia

Alpha-2-agonists
Propofol
Opioids

2

Tachycardia

Ketamine
Anticholinergics
Alfaxalone

3

Hypotension

Acepromazine
Alpha-2-agonists
Propofol
Barbiturates
Inhaled anesthetics
Guaifenesin (mild)
Alfaxalone

4

Hypothermia

Alpha-2-agonists
Opioids (in dogs)
Propofol
Acepromazine

5

Hyperthermia

Opioids (in cats)

6

Muscle Relaxation

Alpha-2-agonists
Benzodiazepines
Inhaled anesthetics
Barbiturates
Guaifenesin
Etomidate
Propofol

7

Analgesia

Alpha-2-agonists
Barbiturates
Opioids
Ketamine (somatic, not as much visceral)

8

Sedation

Alpha-2-agonists
Barbiturates
Acepromazine
Benzodiazepines (In debilitated, geriatric animals - insufficient alone)
Alfaxalone

9

Induction Apnea

Propofol
Etomidate

10

Respiratory Depression

Alpha-2-agonists
Barbiturates
Opioids
Propofol
Alfaxalone

11

Cardiovascular Depression

Alpha-2-agonists
Barbiturates
Acepromazine

12

Vomiting

Alpha-2-agonists
Ketamine/Diazepam combo in cats
Opioids
Etomidate

13

Anti-emetic

Acepromazine
Propofol

14

Cardiac Arrhythmias

Propofol
Ketamine
Barbiturates
Opioids
Anticholinergics

15

Increased salivation

Opioids
Barbiturates
Ketamine

16

Decreased salivation

Anticholinergics

17

Seizures

Acepromazine
Inhaled anesthetics

18

Excitement and Aggression

Acepromazine
Opioids
Inhaled anesthetic agents
Propofol
Benzodiazepines (in healthy young dogs)
Barbiturates
Guaifenesin (if used alone)
Etomidate
Alfaxalone

19

Appetite stimulant

Benzodiazepines
Propofol

20

Decreases intraocular/intracranial pressure

Propofol

21

Increases intraocular/intracranial pressure

Ketamine

22

Pain on injection

Benzodiazepines (DIazepam IM)
Propofol
Barbiturates (on perivascular injection)
Guaifenesin (on perivascular injection)
Etomidate

23

Anticonvulsant

Benzodiazepines
Propofol (by CRI)
Barbiturates
Etomidate

24

Antiarrhythmic

Acepromazine

25

Anti anxiety

Benzodiazepines

26

Increased response to noise

Opioids

27

Reversal agents

Benzodiazepines (Flumazenil)
Opioids (Naloxone, possibly Butorphanol)
Xylazine (Yohimbine and Tolazoline)
Dexmedetomidine (Atipamezole)