Flashcards in Egyptions Deck (26):
What could sekhmet do?
Cause and cure epidemics (illness)
What could the god, bes, do?
Frightened away evil spirits
What did the Greeks rely on for explanations of disease?
Because there was often no natural theory so they used myths and gods to explain things
Who was the goddess of war?
What theory of the human anatomy did many Egyptians believe?
The irrigation channel theory
Where did the irrigation channel theory idea come from?
Egyptians lived next to the river Nile and made Channels In between their crops to let the water from the river reach the crops to nourish them.
How many channels did a person have?
What would make you ill if they blocked the channels?
Blood food or mucus could stop the flow of blood air or water.
Before diagnosis, what would doctors do?
Carefully examine their patients, for example when treating a broken nose, they would feel it
Why was it good that they wrote down medical records?
It helped other doctors find out if someone has the same illness as someone else so thy can use the most effective treatment.
How was there evidence of women doctors?
A lady was described as a "lady overseer of lady physicians".
What do the surviving prescriptions show us?
That each ingredient was weighed out carefully.
What did doctors include in their natural treatments?
Bloodletting, purging, vomiting as well as plants, minerals and herbs.
What have scientists found about radishes?
They have germs effective against cholera.
What have scientists found out about some of the ingredients in prescriptions?
That some were found to kill germs, e.g. Willow.
What was a 'priest-magician'?
They were doctors which people would go to when sick, they would use spells and potions to cure people.
An example of a temple for gods they would use for treatment?
The temple for Sekhmet, they would bathe in blessed water and 'dream their cure'.
What was 'the code of hygiene'?
It was part of their religion - they would wash before every meal, in the morning and before they slept. They also washed their bronze cups daily.
What was a Muslin covering?
Something they out over people's beds to prevent them being bitten by gnats and other insects.
Why would they use charms?
To protect people from evil spirits, a popular charm was a scarab beetle.
What did they use for soap?
They used soda, scented oil and ointments as soap.
What do you know about bathrooms?
Very rich Egyptians has bathrooms but only simple plumbing - e.g. A toilet would be a case with a limestone slab on top of it; no flowing water.
Why was they unable to dissect?
Because of their religion - needed in the after life.
How complex was their surgery?
Couldn't carry out major internal surgery, but they was experts at cutting/burning out rumours, treating wounds and dislocations
What was trephining?
It continued to be carried out from pre-historic times, where they would chisel a hole into their heads as treatment.