Embalming 2- Exam 3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Embalming 2- Exam 3 Deck (64):
1

A method of locating a structure by reference to an adjacent known or prominent structure. "along the"(What is is close to?)

Anatomical Guide

2

Points of origin and points or termination in relation to adjacent structures. "specifies a beginning and ending point"(begins & ends)

Anatomical Limits

3

An imaginary line drawn on the surface of the skin to represent the approximate location of some deeper lying structure. "a line drawn from---"(What you visually see)

Linear Guide

4

linear guide -common carotid artery

A point from the sternoclavicular articulation to the anterior surface of the lobe of the ear.

5

anatomical guide- common carotid artery

Along the medial border of the sternocleidomastoid muscle (SCM).

6

Begins at the level of the right sternoclavicular articulation and terminates at the level of the superior border of the thyroid cartilage on the right side of the neck.

right common carotid artery

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Begins at the level of the second left costal cartilage and terminates at the superior border of the thyroid cartilage on the left side of the neck.

left common carotid artery

8

anatomical limits- common carotid artery

right and left common carotid artery

9

Place of incision to raise common carotid artery

Supraclavicular incisionParallel incisionHalf-moon incision

10

Place of incision to raise common carotid arteryperformed on top of or above the clavicle. Along the superior border of the clavicle. - commonly used for an emaciated case, or death of an adolescent female ( when you are anticipating clothing with a low cut neckline)

Supraclavicular incision

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Place of incision to raise common carotid arterymost common incision used to raise common carotid artery to surface. Along the posterior border of the inferior one third (1/3) of the sternocleidomastoid muscle.

Parallel incision

12

Place of incision to raise common carotid arteryvisually looks like a smiley face; made between two medial ends of the collar bones, allows you to raise both common carotid arteries to the surface. (Head trauma, major restorative art projects)

Half-moon incision

13

What is the most common incision to raise common carotid artery to surface?

Parallel incision

14

Considerations of raising common carotid artery

Ensures direct distribution to the face. Close to the center of circulation (arch of aorta). Has no branches except terminal branches. Face may be embalmed with milder solution than remainder of the body with restricted cervical injection.

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Precautions of raising common carotid artery

Incision may be visible after dressing. Tubes may leave marks on the face. The face may be over injected.

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Accompanying Vein of the common carotid artery

nternal jugular vein

17

where is the internal jugular vein located

Located lateral and superficial in relationship to the common carotid artery. (Usually the first you see)

18

The aorta has three distinct divisions, which are going away from the heart. What are they?

Ascending aortaArch of aortaDescending aorta

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first division of the aorta - the blood is going superiorly (upper direction) away from the heart.

ascending aorta

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What are the two branches that arise off the ascending aorta.

The left and right coronary arteries, which form a crown around the heart muscle. They are the only arteries that feed the heart muscle itself. Off two of the cusps of the aortic semilunar valve is the origin of the coronary arteries.

21

second division of the aorta - this is the center of circulation in embalming. It will ensure distribution to both sides of a person’s head, neck, and upper extremities.

Arch of the aorta

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There are three distinct branches or divisions off the arch of the aorta. They are listed in the order they arise moving away from the heart. What are they?

Brachiocephalic artery Left common carotid artery Left subclavian artery

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first branch to rise off the arch aorta - (unpaired) this will eventually provide blood to the right side of the head and neck, and the right upper extremities.

Brachiocephalic artery

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The brachiocephalic artery will split into

the right subclavian artery (located under the right collar bone).

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the branch that feeds the right side of the head and neck. It is the most frequent artery raised and used artery in embalming. Starts where the sternum and the right collar bone meet.

Right common carotid artery

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the second branch to arise off the arch of the aorta. This will feed the left side of the head and neck.

Left common carotid artery

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the third branch to arise directly off the arch of the aorta (located beneath the left collar bone) and will eventually feed the left upper extremities

Left subclavian artery -

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the arch of aorta terminates where

at the level of the 2nd left coastal cartilage

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the left subclavian begins where?

at the level of the 2nd left coastal cartilage

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the descending aorta originates where?

at the level of the 2nd left coastal cartilage

31

– initial point of injection for non-autopsy in infant cases. Abdominal aorta is located directly on top of the spinal column. Accompanying vein is IVC – located laterally to the right, largest vein in the human body

Abdominal Aorta

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branches of the external carotid artery

Facial artery

33

anatomical guide- facial artery

Along the inferior border of the mandible just anterior to the angle of the mandible.

34

place of incision- facial artery

Along the anatomical guide

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anatomical guide- subclavian artery

the clavicle

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anatomical limits- right subclavian artery

begins at the sternoclavicular articulation and terminates at the lateral border of the 1st right rib

37

anatomical limits- left subclavian artery

begins at the level of 2nd costal cartilage and terminates at the lateral border of the 1st rib

38

would be the last artery separately inject to ensure distribution to the left upper extremity of autopsied case

left subclavian artery

39

Place of incision- subclavian artery

Along the upper margin of the clavicle about 1/3 the distance from the shoulder and root of the neck

40

linear guide- axillary artery

through the center of the base of the axillary space and parallel to the long axis of the upper extremity when abducted

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anatomical guide- axillary artery

posterior to the medial border of the coracobrachialis muscle

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anatomical limits- axillary artery

begins at the lateral border of the 1st rib and terminates at the inferior border of the tendon of the teres major muscle

43

place of incision- axillary artery

Along the anterior margin of the hairline of the axilla

44

considerations of axillary artery

Close to the faceClose to the center of circulationClose to center of venous drainage Vessels are relatively superficial

45

precautions of axillary artery

Danger of over-injecting the faceAnomalies of both artery and vein are commonIf arms are not treated properly, it does not appear natural when body is placed in the casket.Numerous branches (about 6)

46

accompanying vein- axillary artery

axillary vein

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where is the axillary artery located?

located medial and superficial to the axillary artery

48

linear guide- brachial artery

From the center of the base of the axillary space to the center of the forearm just below the bend of the elbow

49

anatomical guide- brachial artery

lies posterior to the medial border of the belly of the biceps brachii muscle.

50

anatomical limits- brachial artery

at the inferior border of the tendon of the teres major muscle and terminates at a point just inferior to the antecubital fossa

51

accompanying vein- brachial artery

basilic vein

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where is the basilic vein located?

located medial and superficial to the brachial artery

53

place of incision- brachial artery

along the medial margin of the hairline of the axilla. Toward hand for brachial and toward the face for axillary

54

the most lateral artery of the forearm(located on the thumbside)

radial artery

55

linear guide- radial artery

on the surface of the forearm from the center of the antecubital fossa to the center of the base of the second digit (index finger)

56

anatomical guide- radial artery

just lateral to the tendon of the flexor carpi radialis muscle

57

place of incision- radial artery

along the linear guide at the area of the wrist

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the most medial artery of the forearm

ulnar artery

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linear guide- ulnar artery

On the surface of the forearm from the center of the antecubital fossa to a point between the fourth and fifth digits

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anatomical guide- ulnar artery

Lies lateral to the tendon of the flexor carpi ulnaris muscle

61

lies in a groove between the tendons of the flexor carpi ulnaris muscle and flexor digitorum superficialis).

ulnar artery

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Ulnar lies_______ to the tendon of flexor digitorium superficialis

medial

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Ulnar lies _______ to the flexor carpi ulnaris muscle

lateral

64

Where does the ulnar lie in relationship to the tendon of flexor digitorium superficialis and the flexor carpi ulnaris muscle

in between