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Flashcards in Emergencies Deck (44):
1

What are the banks limits during single-engine operation?

-V2.......... 15°
-V2+5...... 20°
-V2+10.... 25°

2

How do you recover from a stalled condition?

PF:"Stall"

-Disenge AP and AutoThrottles
-Advance Throttles to MAX
-Reduce AoA and level wings
- NO configuration changes till clear

Out of Stall
-Return to normal flight
-Clean Up aircraft

3

Talk me through an engine failure at or after V1? What are the callouts? PF / PM

SOPM 4-8.15

Identify - Pilot first identifying condition / malfunction states the malfunction
"Engine Failure - left/right"

Before VR
PF: "Check Thrust" - controls AC using rudders
PM:"Thrust Checked" - verifies max thrust op eng.

@VR
PM:"Rotate"

After liftoff
PM:"Positive Rate"
PF:"Gear Up"

**PF pitches to maintain V2 to V2+10.. While PM monitors speed and Altitude

@400 Ft AGL
PF: "Heading / Bank" - PM selects on FCP

@Acceleration Altitude / approx. 1000 ft AGL
PF:"Flight Level Change" - PM selects on FCP
PF:"Autopilot On" - PM selects on FCP
PF:"Flaps__" - PM selects 1 and Up @ PF command
PM:"Flaps UP"

-reaching Vfs
PF:"Continuous / Bank Off" - PM verifies and selects
- if RSV not achieved PM moves Thrust to MAX

Reaching Safe Altitude - assigned or briefed MSA
Captain: Assigns PF/PM duties
PF:"QRC Engine Failure Checklist"
PF:"After Takeoff Checklist"

4

What are some EGPWS proximity warnings? What do you do if you get one?

Warnings:
1. " sink rate" - excessive descent (vertical speed)
2. " terrain, terrain" - enclosure rate
3. " don't sink" - sink after t/o
4. " too low... Terrain, gear, flaps" - landing but not configured
5. " glideslope" - sinking below glideslope
6. " bank angle" - excessive roll

Verify status and respond accordingly (climb, reduce or configure)

5

What is the EGPWS / CFIT escape maneuver?

PF:
1. Disengage AP
2. Advance thrust to MAX
3. Pitch 20° (on PLI) do not exceed Shaker
4. Retract Spoilers
5. No configuration changes till clear
6. Climb till clear (MSA, no more warning)
7. Retract gear (if necessary)
8. Engage AP
9. Resume normal speed

PM:
1. Verify ALL required actions performed
2. Notify ATC
3. Seatbelt sign (FSTN BELTS)
4. Scan for visual reference
5. Call "RA" altitudes
6. Monitor MFD for best course and clear

6

"Wind shear, wind shear" on T/O

1. Advance thrust levers to MAX
2. Follow (fd) flight director guidance
3. NO Configuration changes .. Until clear

Clear of windshear/terrain:
4. Reduce to climb power
5. Reconfigure- gear up and flaps up
6. Resume departure / Go Around
7. Checklist- after t/o

7

"Climb, climb... Or descend, descend" ... TCAS shows what?.. What do you do?

RA - resolution advisory - solid RED square icon

PF:
1. Autopilot: disconnect (hand fly)
2. AutoThrottles: disconnect (hand fly)
3. Pitch: (GREEN rectangle)... Fly-to / zone
4. Thrust: As Required
"Clear of Conflict"
5. Return to normal flight - assigned altitude / course
6. Advise ATC

8

What must the Pilot Flying target after lift off during an engine failure?

V2 to V2+10

8

What "call" is made and completed to initiate a go-around (Normal / Single-engine)?

Go-Around: (flaps 5 approach)

PF- PRESS TOGA

PF- "missed approach, flaps 2"
PM- selects flaps 2, "flaps 2"

Landing Gear:
PM- "Positive rate"
PF- "Gear Up"
PM- "Gear Up" - select

SPEED UP:
select (Vfs) or 210

ADVISE ATC: "Missed Approach"

10

What "call" is made and completed to initiate a go-around (Normal / Single-engine)?

Go-Around: (flaps 5 approach)

PF- "missed approach, flaps 2"
PM- selects flaps 2, "flaps 2"

Landing Gear:
PM- "Positive rate"
PF- "Gear Up"
PM- "Gear Up" - select

SPEED UP:
select (Vfs) or 210

ADVISE ATC: "Missed Approach"

11

What call is made and competed "400" ft Single-Engine?
(V1/Missed)

400ft:
PF -"heading / bank"
PM- selects HDG and BANK

12

What is acceleration altitude? What "call" is made and competed at "acceleration altitude" single-engine?

ACCELERATION ALT (1000 AGL):
PF- "Flight Level Change"
PM- selects "FLCH"

13

What is "called" and completed AFTER "flight level change" called single-engine PRIOR to Vfs?

Flaps Retracted on Schedule: (Green Dot)

Flaps 2 green dot
PF- "flaps 1"
PM- selects

Flaps 1 green dot
PF- "flaps UP"
PM- selects - "flaps UP"

14

What "call" is made and competed Vfs Single-engine missed?

Vfs:
PF- "Continuous, Bank Off"
PM- set / verify (TRS) , select Bank OFF

15

What call is made and competed "400" ft Normal Go-Around?

400ft:
PF- "FMS , Heading ... or (NAV)

16

What "call" must made and completed at acceleration altitude on a normal missed approach?

Acceleration Altitude:
PF- "Climb Sequence"

Retracts Flaps on Schedule:
PM- "Flaps Up"

17

What must be done after Vfs is reached missed?

Climb to a safe altitude
PF- "After T/O checklist"

18

What "call" is made and competed Vfs Single-engine missed?

Vfs:
PF- "Continuous, Bank Off"
PM- set / verify (TRS) , select Bank OFF

19

What call is made and competed "400" ft Normal Go-Around?

400ft:
PF- "FMS , Heading ... or (NAV)

20

What "call" must made and completed at acceleration altitude on a normal missed approach?

Acceleration Altitude:
PF- "Climb Sequence"

Retracts Flaps on Schedule:
PM- "Flaps Up"

21

What must be done after Vfs is reached missed?

Climb to a safe altitude
PF- "After T/O checklist"

22

What do you "call" and perform during an "Upset" attitude recovery?

PF- No call.. Just react
PM- states "speed, altitude, pitch"

PF:
1. Disconnect AP and AutoThrottles
2. Pitch (accordingly: nose up/down)
3. Level wings
4. Thrust (adjust as necessary: nose down)
5. Spoilers if necessary for nose down

Recovered:
1. Level wings and resume normal flight
2. Reconfigure aircraft as necessary

23

BAAM!!! Wake turbulence... Nose uncontrollably pitches up. What do you do?

PF:
1. Disconnect AP/AutoThrottles
2. Reduce pitch

Recover to normal flight

24

STICK-SHAKER.. STICK-SHAKER.. Red coral snake on Speed Tape. Yellow PLI's. What do you do?

STALL recovery:
PF:
1. Disconnect AP/AutoThrottles
2. Pitch down- reduce AoA
3. Power- MAX thrust
4. Level wings
5. Verify/retract spoilers

Recovered:
1. Return to normal flight

25

BAAM!!! Wake turbulence... Nose uncontrollably pitches down. What do you do?

Upset Recovery:

1. Disconnect AP/AutoThrottles
2. Level wings
3. Thrust- adjust to idle as necessary
4. Pitch Up - reduce AoA


26

You encounter mountain wave at FL350 causing a fluctuation in altitude in excess of 200ft. What is the concern?

RVSM Altitude: (reduced vertical separation mins.)
- starts at FL290

Action:
- NOTIFY ATC immediately "unable RVSM compliant"
- coordinate contingency plan

27

During preflight inspection you notice ice on the nose of the fuselage and surrounding probes of the aircraft. What is the cause for concern?

Ice affects airflow and potential blockage to equipment.

RVSM Equipment Requirement:
- Transponder(s)
- Either primary altimeter system (CA/FO)
- w/in 75ft field elev and 75ft each other
- Altitude alerting and capture capability- Autopilot

28

You suspect unreliable flight data or info regarding performance.
1. What could cause?
2. How do you know?
3. What is a major concern?
4. What do you do?

1. Causes:
- partial static system blockage, damage, ice, faulty or deteriorating part

2. How to diagnose?
- The flight deck crew may recognize an unusual Indication by monitoring airspeed indications and crosschecking PFD1,2, IESS. IAS and ALT miscompare monitor annunciations may be also used to aid in identifying this condition.

3. Concern?
- safety of flight, performance, RVSM

4. When this scenario occurs the autothrottle and autopilot must be disengaged, as these systems use the airspeed indications to adjust their gains. The FD may also be unreliable and is not followed.

With the auto throttle and Autopilot disengaged maintain proper control of the airplane by means of pitch attitude and power settings. The QRH Emergency and Abnormal Procedure sections contain Unreliable Airspeed tables to be used for each phase of flight.

The use of speedbrakes is avoided since the ability to monitor speed changes may be compromised.

Under an Unreliable Airspeed scenario, the Flight Path Angle (FPA) on the PFD, altitude and/or vertical speed indications may also be unreliable.

Groundspeed Indication available on the PFD and GPS altitude may also be used as reference when the PFD indication is unreliable.

When the airplane is stabilized under correct pitch attitude and power settings, and at the captain’s discretion, instruments are cross-checked in order to identify any reliable instruments. In case a reliable source is identified ADS reversion maybe attempted.

29

What formalities are required of the PIC following the declaration and use of emergency authority?

1. Notify the flight MOD
2. Written IOR
3. VP of flight Ops report to FAA w/in 10days.

30

Following a shut down of an engine in flight. What is required?

1. Notify ATC asap and keep facility fully informed of progress.

31

Following an emergency, you divert and land at a airport other than the nearest suitable. What is required?

- File IOR

Any time PIC land at an airport other than the nearest suitable. The PIC must contact MOD and submit a written report in the form of an IOR (no later than trip completion) to VP of flight Ops. Stating reasons for selection.

32

How do you determine if a crew member is incapacitated? What do you do?

Two Communications Rule:
- assume incapacitation if pilot doesn't respond to 2 verbal cautions
- or significant deviation from intended profile.

Take control of Aircraft:
- Declare an emergency and medical if necessary
- consider diverting

33

What proper communications do we use when relaying information during an emergency?

SP 3100 Ch.10 NTSBO

PIC: "This is an NTSBO"

N- Nature of Emergency: Condition creating the emergency and expected landing condition

T- Time: available time for preparation before landing

S- Signal: Communication used for evacuation, expedited deplaning, or non-evacuation of the aircraft after landing

B- Brace: Is brace position necessary? Outcome of landing in question?

O- Other: additional info pertinent to emergency evac and clarification.. "do you have any questions?"

34

What communication is required if you shutdown an engine inflight?

PIC must report each engine shutdown in flight to the appropriate communication facility (ATC) as soon as practical and keep them fully informed of the progress of flight

example: "Tower we are experiencing engine failure. Returning to the field. Notify company."

35

Normal useful time of consciousness at Fl350 is________. How much useful time of consciousness do you have if experiencing an explosive decompression?

Normal Rapid Decompression: 30-60 sec.

Explosive: = 1/2 the useful time.
therefore, 15-30 sec.

36

What do you do if you suspect hypoxia?

1. Don mask - utilize supplemental O2
2. Check flow indication - proper operation
3. slow breathe - Monitor breathing rate and depth to prevent hyperventilation

37

Theres a medical situation in the back. What do you do?

1. Listen:
- write down all pertinent details: age, gender, condition, meds, situation, administering aid (O2, first aid, EMK, AED)

2. Communicate: depending on scenario
- dispatch: medical emergency
- atlanta radio
- ATC (consider diverting to nearest suitable with appropriate care facilitates)

38

What batteries cause the most fires and how do you fight it?

- Lithium: the rechargeable type

- use Halon or Water extinguishers to knock down flames.

- requires cooling of the battery: water most effective for cooling

39

What are some basic elements for decision making?

1. Identify the problem:
- cues, EICAS messages
- state: "Whats the problem?"

2. Gather Resources:
- solicit input: FO, dispatch, ATC
- QRH, Manuals
- "What do you think?"

3. Communicate:
- discuss options and solutions

AVOID information bias

4. Create Time and manage task
- evaluate time / no time? how critical?
- match decision with time
- avoid task saturation
- error with safety

5. Be Proactive
- crew contributes info and continually updates

40

How do you recognize windshear?

- airspeed variation: > 15kts
- GS variation: shifting head / tailwind
- VSI: >500 fpm
- Pitch excursions: >5º
- Glideslope deviations of 1 dot or more
- Unusual AutoThrottle activity / position

41

What's an example of communications during an Unanticipated threat with time?

- FO you have the aircraft and radios
- Declare an emergency, advise them to tell company (SKW)
- Get us to this airport, longest rwy, 10nm final (delay vectors / hold if we aren't ready), 200 kts.
- take your time, but get my attention if you got any problems or questions
- Do you have any questions now?

42

What is the communication protocol during an emergency? Meaning who do we need to communicate with?

- 2 in: (FA, PAX) - NTSBO, PA announcement
- 2 out: (ATC, Company) - "Declaring emergency, notify company"


43

What does it mean to "Fly the A/C?"

1. ensure aircraft control: PF/PM
2. accomplish checklists: memory/QRC/QRH
3. utilize automation as necessary

44

You experience FMS failure on an arrival. What should you do?

1. Notify ATC
2. relay your plan "request re-sequencing"
3. re-brief / setup for ground based nav aides