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Flashcards in Emergency med Deck (20)
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1

speed shock & vasovagal syncope - what happens to pulse and BP

both drop

2

Anaphylactic shock pulse and BP

pulse high, BP low

3

First 3 steps of oxygen therapy procedure

1. Open O2 tank to main valve (one full turn)
2. check pressure gauge
3. open flow meter (range 1-15 L/min)

4

Nasal cannula flow rate

1-6 L/min

5

Nasal cannula O2 concentration

24-44%

6

Nasal cannula for what Pts

breathing OR COPD w/ low O2

7

Pocket mask O2 conc

16% (mouth to mouth) or 21% (room air)

8

Pocket mask with Oxygen flow rate & O2 concentration

6-8 L/min; 44-55%

9

simple face mask: flow rate, O2 conc, type Pt

6-10 L/min, 40-60%; breathing or mild-mod resp distress

10

venturi mask (controls humidity) - flow rate, O2 conc, type Pt

4-15 L/min; 24-40%; Pt breathing, COPD, Asthma, stable patients (not for non-breathing)

11

Bag valve without O2 - Oxygen conc, Pt type

21 % (room air), Pt either NOT breathing, or breathing

12

Bag valve WITH O2 - flow rate, O2 conc, Pt type

10-15 (FIFTEEN!) L/min; 90-100 (ONE HUNDRED!)% O2, Pt breathing or Not, Tx for Burns, apnea, inadequate respirations
- note caps letters are what Anderson said vs Book

13

how to squeeze bag for bag valve )2

squeeze for 2 secs, every 5-6 secs for adults; every 3-5 secs for infants and kids

14

Partial breathing mask - flow rate, O2 conc, Pt type

8-15 L/min, 60-80%, breathe or Non-breathe

15

Non-rebreathing mask - flow rate, O2 conc, Pt type

10-15 L/min, 90-100%, for COPD, smoke or carbon monoxide, burn Pts, or Pts that need O2 but ARE breathing (not for Non-breathing)

16

Epinephrine dose for IM and SubQ

1:1000 strength (non-IV)
- IM: 0.5 - 1 mg/mL
- SubQ: 0.3 - 0.5 mL
up to 1 mL (1 mg) total; repeat every 5-10 mins prn

17

Epinephrine dose for IV

1:10,000
1-2.5 mL per push (0.1 to 0.25 mg IV slowly once)
- for 1mg of epinephrine, you would draw up 10ml of epinephrine (1:10,000); MAX safe dose = 1mg IV/IO q3-5 min prn

18

what oxygen by mask flow rate to start for anaphylaxis

15 L/min (unless COPD, then 3L/min)

19

dose of benadryl to give after Epi

50 mg (1 mL) IV

20

last step after epi and benadryl of IV steroids and dose

administer ONE of the following IV:
- Dexamethasone 10-20 mg (2.5-5 mL)
- Hydrocortisone 100-500 mL
- Prednisone 30-60 mL