Emerging Infections Flashcards Preview

Microbiology 2 > Emerging Infections > Flashcards

Flashcards in Emerging Infections Deck (29):
1

what ar the rep viruses concerned

SARS
MERS

2

what are some viral haemorrhgaic fever viruses

ebola
arbvrisues
zika and west nile viruses

3

what are some general characteristics of emerging infction

zoonoses (HIV, flu)
natural host unaffected
more severe disease in new host
enchroamet into host habitat
close proximity to host
spread of vector

4

what are the commanlites of resp viruses

both coronaviruses
zoonotic infections
severe life threat infectiosn

5

where does SARS orig

cornoaviruse from horsheow bat

6

how many MERS pt mortality

>60% ICU
36% fatality

7

what si the probable urge of MERS

coronavirus form camel

8

what are viral haemorrhage fevers caused by

arenavirus
filovirus
bunyavirus

9

what does viral haemorrhage fever cause

severe multsystem syndorme
widespread haemorrhaging

10

what si the nature reservoir of viral hameorrhagic fevers

rodents
humans not natural resveoir

11

how are vrialhaemorrhagic fevers restricted

geographically

12

what are some of most worrying viral haemrrhagic fevers

ebola
marburg
lassa
CCHF
- HUMAN TO HUMAN SPREAD

13

where are outbreaks of ebola comon

sporadic in africa

14

what are the 5 sp of ebola origin

zaire
bundibugnyo
sudan
reston
cote d'ivoire

15

what are some of the symptoms of ebola

sudden onset fever
FLI
D/V + rash
internal/external bleeding

16

what is the incubation period of ebola

2-21 says

17

what si the mortality of ebola

25-90% mortality after 7-16 days

18

what are the symptoms of ebola day 7-9

headache
fatigue
fever
muscle soreness

19

what are the symptoms EVD day 10

sudden high fever
vomit blood
passive behaviour

20

what are the symptoms of EVD day 11

bruising
brain damage
bleeding form nose, mouth, anus

21

what are the symptoms of day 12

loss consciousness
seizures
massive internal bleed
death

22

what kind of virus is west nile virus

flavivirus

23

what does wet nile virus infect

birds - natural host
trnamsited to humans by mosquitos

24

how are the symmtonts of west nile virus

80% asymptomatic
OR
- headache
-FLI
- fever
- meningitis
- encephalitis
- rash
- tremors
- convulsion
- polio like paralysis

25

why kind of virus is zika virus

flavivirus

26

what si the natural host zika virus

not known
doesnt need this is can spread human to human

27

what mosquito transmits zika virus

aedus genus

28

what is the incubation period of zika

2-12 days

29

what are some asc symptoms of zika

fever headache
conjunctivitis
rash
ass with GBM
assc with babies with mirocephlay