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Flashcards in EMT Deck (183)
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Basic life support (BLS) is noninvasive, meaning that it:

-Does not involve penetration of the body

1

After ___ minutes without oxygen, some brain damage is almost certain.

-6 minutes

2

What is the minimum number of chest compressions that should be delivered per minute to a four month old infant?

-100

3

After establishing that an adult patient is unresponsive, you should:

– Open the airway

4

Which of the following is not a BLS intervention?

– Cardiac monitoring

5

Most out of hospital cardiac arrests occur as a result of:

-A cardiac dysrhythmia

6

Which of the following statements regarding ventricular fibrillation (V-Fib) is most correct?

Survival rates decrease by 7% to 10% for each minute that V-Fib persists

7

What percentage of exhaled oxygen is delivered during mouth to mouth breathing without supplemental oxygen?

– 16%

8

The automated external defibrillator in (AED) should be applied to:

–Uninjured patients who are pulseless and apneic

9

Which of the following statements regarding the use of the AED in children is most correct?

– AED use in children between 1 and 8 years of age involves pediatric pads and an energy reducer

10

Which of the following is considered to be an obvious sign of death and would not require the initiation of CPR?

– Dependent blood pooling

11

CPR should be initiated when:

- A valid living will is unavailable

12

Which of the following is NOT an indication to stop CPR once you have started?

- Care is transferred to a bystander

13

CPR will NOT be effective if the patient is:

- Prone

14

A patient should be placed in the recovery position when he or she:

- Is unconscious, uninjured, and breathing adequately

15

Even when properly performed, external chest compressions will provide only ____ % of the blood that is normally pumped by the heart.

- 30

16

You should deliver chest compressions to an unconscious adult patient in cardiac arrest by:

- Compressing the lower third of the sternum

17

In two-rescuer adult CPR, you should deliver a compression to ventilation ratio of:

- 30:2

18

To deliver the appropriate number of chest compressions per minute during one rescuer adult CPR, you will need to compress the patients chest about ____ times per minute.

- 100

19

During two rescuer CPR, the compressor becomes tired and wants to switch positions. Before the switch is made, the rescuer providing ventilations should:

– Give two breaths and prepared to start compressions

20

Which of the following maneuvers should be used to open a patient's airway when a cervical spine injury is suspected?

– Jaw thrust

21

When ventilating and apneic patient with a pocket facemask, you should deliver each breath:

– While watching for adequate chest rise

22

Which of the following techniques should be used to dislodge a foreign body airway obstruction in a patient who is in an advanced stage of pregnancy or who is very obese?

– Chest thrusts

23

The preferred initial treatment to attempt to dislodge a foreign body airway obstruction in a infant is:

– Back blows

24

Signs of a sudden severe upper airway obstruction include all of the following except:

– Forceful coughing

25

Asynchronous CPR is most accurately defined as:

– Not stopping compressions to deliver ventilations

26

When performing CPR on a child, you should compress the chest:

– With one or two hands

27

An apneic infant or child should be ventilated ____ times per minute

– 20

28

The proper depth of chest compressions on a 9 month old infant is:

– 1/3 to 1/2 the diameter of the chest

29

In most cases, cardiopulmonary arrest in infants and children is caused by:

– Respiratory arrest