EMT Chapter 2,3, & 12 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in EMT Chapter 2,3, & 12 Deck (85):
0

PPE stands for…

Personal protective equipment

1

To be infected by something, you would have to have been ______ to it.

Exposed

2

What are two modes of transmission of infectious diseases?

Airborne & bloodborne

3

Give an example of an airborne communicable disease.

Tuberculosis

4

What are two bloodborne communicable disease?

Hepatitis & HIV

5

What is the chain of infection?

Infectious agent
reservoir
Port of exit
Mode of transmission
Portal of entry
Susceptible host

6

Cough and via skin are two examples of which chain of infection?

Portal of exit

7

Bloodborne and airborne are two examples of what chain of infection?

Mode of transmission

8

Via skin and inhaling are examples of what chain of infection?

Portal of entry

9

What makes a susceptible host?

Low immune system or body not healthy

10

What does HEPA stand for?

High Efficiency Particulate Air

11

High efficiency particulate air is what?

HEPA mask

12

What PPE do you need to wear if your patient informs you that he/she has tuberculosis?

High efficiency particulate air mask

13

What communicable disease is has a fecal- oral mode of transmission?

Hepatitis A

14

Does hepatitis A have a vaccine?

Yes.

15

What form of hepatitis does not have a vaccine?

Hepatitis C

16

True or false: all forms hepatitis are bloodborne

False. Hepatitis A is fecal- oral.

17

True or false: all forms of hepatitis have vaccines.

False. Hepatitis C does not have a vaccine.

18

What is a viral load?

How many viruses are in a load of exposure.

19

What is the primary oral virus?

Tuberculosis

20

HIV affects the body how?

By lowering the number of CD4 cells. (T-Cells)

21

what are the three types of stress?

Acute, delayed, and cumulative

22

PTSD is a form of what kind of stress?

Delayed

23

Burn-out is an example of which kind of stress?

Cumulative

24

What type of stress is common in medics?

Burn-out (cumulative)

25

What are two coping methods?

CISD & CISM

26

CISD is an acronym that means what?

Critical incident stress debriefing

27

CISM is an acronym that means what?

Critical incident stress management

28

What must be proven for a medic to be charged with negligence?

1. Must have a duty to act
2. Must breach that duty
3. Must have damages that resulted from duty breach
4. Must be some causal connection from duty breach.

29

What are the two types of consent for treatment?

Expressed & Implied

30

How do you know if someone is competent enough to refuse?

A + O x 4 (alert and oriented x rule questions)

31

What is PPTP?

Person, place, time, purpose

32

What is 5150?

72 hour mental hold

33

What must there be to grant a refusal?

Must be at least 18
Must be oriented
Must be informed
Must get at least 3 no's

34

What is HIPAA?

Health information portability and accountability act

35

Disclosing patient information is a direct violation of what?

HIPAA

36

In order to avoid abandonment, you must ______ ______.

Transfer care

37

DNR is an acronym that stands for what?

Do not resuscitate

38

MOST is an acronym that means what?

Medical Orders for Scope of Treatment

39

When do you not perform CPR/ALS?

Clinical deaths, rigor mortis, dependent lividity, blunt forced trauma, body decomposition, injury not compatible with life

40

What is the stiffening of the body post mortal

Rigor mortis

41

Heart not beating and not breathing is what?

Clinical death

42

What is a pool of blood inside the body post mortal?

Dependent lividity

43

Decapitation is an example of what?

Injury not compatible with life

44

How long after the patient heart stops beating do you have to perform CPR/ALS before the patient is brain dead?

4-6 minutes

45

Outward signs on what is happening on the inside of the body is defined as what?

Vital signs

46

The initial sets of vital signs are defined as what?

Baseline vital signs

47

What are the top three vital signs taken by medics?

Systolic and diastolic blood pressure
Pulse rate
Respiratory rate

48

How often do you check vitals on a stable patient?

Every 15 minutes

49

How often do you take vitals on an unstable patient?

Every 5 minutes or upon significant change

50

Where is the most common place medics use to find a pulse?

Radial

51

What type of pulse is used for blood pressures?

Brachial

52

What is the term for the pulse found in your neck?

Carotid

53

What is the term for the pulse found in the groin?

Femoral

54

What is the term for the pulse found in the back of the knee?

Posterior tibialis

55

What is the term for the pulse found in the front of the foot?

Dorsalis pedis

56

If the patient is unresponsive what pulse do medics usually check?

Carotid

57

What size cuff do you use for your patient when taking blood pressure?

A cuff that is 2/3 the size of the arm

58

What is the standard for a "normal" blood pressure?

120/80

59

What type of patients most often have shunts?

Dialysis patients

60

What is the standard for "normal" respiration?

12-16 breaths per minute

61

What is the standard for a "normal" blood glucose level?

90-120 or 80-110

62

What is oxygen saturation?

The percent of oxygen bonded to hemoglobin in the body.

63

What are the three types of pupils?

Dilated
Constricted
Unequal

64

When testing a patients skin, what are you looking for?

Color, moisture, temperature

65

What organization is over EMS?

US department of transportation

66

What was the effect of "Accidental Death and Disability: The Neglected Disease of Modern Society" on EMS?

It was the "white paper" that improved ambulance systems, training and provision of care.

67

What year was the National Registry of EMT established?

1970

68

What is medical direction requirement a standard of?

The Technical Assistance Program Assessment Standards

69

What organization provides the standards for EMS systems?

The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

70

What is an example of high risk activities of EMT with regard to patient safety?

Carrying and moving patients

71

What is one way an EMT can work toward quality care?

Maintaining equipment

72

What is the name of the program that EMS services should establish in order to better access the ongoing efficiency of care they are rendering to patients?

Quality improvement

73

What establishes procedures by which emergency response workers may find out if they have been exposed to life threatening infectious diseases?

Ryan White CARE Act

74

What does the acronym TST stand for?

Tuberculosis Skin Test

75

In what stage of the general adaptation syndrome is an EMT when she had adapted to a stimulus and it no longer produces stress for her?

Resistance

76

Which of the following, statistically, causes the most deaths in EMS?

Air medical crashes

77

What is not necessary to respond to danger?

Evacuate

78

What is the primary rule when dealing with a hazardous material incident?

Maintain a safe distance from the source of the hazardous material

79

What vital sign may the EMT observe without any contact with the patient?

Respirations

80

Normal breathing rates in children are…

25 to 50 breaths per minute

81

You are reaching for the pediatric BP cuff when you note that your 9 year old patient has become cyanotic. What should you do?

Repeat primary assessment

82

What vital sign can best indicate the presence of early compensated shock?

Pulse

83

What is considered a normal set of vital signs for a 7 year old patient?

Pulse 90; Respirations 24; BP 112/70

84

The pressure wave generated by the contraction of the left ventricle is called…

A pulse